This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Energy-Efficient Traction Induction Machine Control
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published April 02, 2019 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
The article solves the problem of increasing the energy efficiency of the traction electric drive in the low load conditions. The set objective is achieved by analogy with internal combustion engines by decreasing the consumed energy using the amplitude control of the three-phase voltage of the induction machine. The basis of the amplitude control is laid by the constancy criterion of the overload capacity with respect to the electromagnetic torque, which provides a reliable reserve from a "breakdown" of the induction machine mode in a wide range of speeds and loads. The control system of the traction electric drive contains a reference model of electromechanical energy conversion represented by the generalized equations of the instantaneous balance of the active and reactive power and the mechanical load. The induction machine is controlled by two adaptive variables: the electromagnetic torque and the voltage amplitude. The synchronous frequency and angular speed of the rotor remain free coordinates depending on the load conditions. We considered general and private solutions for control variables obtained with the help of the energy model taking into account the nonlinear nature of the control object. The nonlinearity factor is taken into account by approximating the magnetization inductance and loss resistance in the magnetic circuit using the analytical dependencies on the synchronous frequency and the voltage amplitude. We presented a functional diagram of the traction drive. We considered the composition and algorithms of the information-measuring system operation. We presented the results of modeling the characteristics of an induction machine at the amplitude control of the electromagnetic torque. The energy efficiency of the amplitude control is manifested in the increase of the induction machine efficiency in a wide range of small loads as compared to the nominal mode.
CitationSmolin, V., Gladyshev, S., Nikiforova, E., and Sidorenko, N., "Energy-Efficient Traction Induction Machine Control," SAE Technical Paper 2019-01-0598, 2019, https://doi.org/10.4271/2019-01-0598.
- Heywood, J., Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals. Vol. 930 (McGraw-Hill Education, 1988).
- Ganesan, V., Internal Combustion Engines 2rd Edition (Tata McGraw-Hill, 2003), 731.
- Gasoline Engine Control Systems. Per. with him The first Russian Edition (Moscow: Za Rulem Book Publishing House, 2005), 432.
- Diesel Engine Management Systems. Per. with him The first Russian Edition (Moscow: Za Rulem Book Publishing House, 2004), 480.
- Automotive Handbook. Per. from English - 2nd ed., Pererab. and add. - M .: ZAO “KZHI" Za rulem, 2004, 992.
- Solomin, E.V., Topolsky, D.V., and Topolskaya, I.G., “Algorithms of Lifepo4 Batteries Automatic Charge,” Procedia Engineering 129:213-218, October 2015.
- Rücker, F., Bremer, I., Linden, S., Badeda, J., and Sauer, D.U., “Development and Evaluation of a Battery Lifetime Extending Charging Algorithm for an Electric Vehicle Fleet,” Energy Procedia 99:285-291, November 2016.
- Kostenko, M.P., “The Work of a Multi-Phase Asynchronous Motor with a Variable Number of Periods,” Electricity 2:85-95, 1925.
- Kirschen, D.S., Novotny, D.W., and Suwanwisoot, W., “Minimizing Induction Motor Losses by Excitation Control in Variable Frequency Drives,” IEEE Trans. on Industry Appl. 1A-20A, 1984.
- Tsivitse, P.J. and Klingshirn, E.A., “Optimum Voltage and Frequency Power Supplies,” IEEE Trans Ind. And Gen. Appl. 7:480-487, 1971.
- Bulgakov, A.A., “Frequency Control of Asynchronous Motors,” Science 212, 1955.
- Sandler, A.S. and Sorbatov, R.S., “Automatic Frequency Control of Asynchronous Motors,” Energy 328, 1974.
- Kirschen, D.S., Novotny, D.W., and Lipo, T.A., “On-Line Efficiency Optimization of a Variable Frequency Induction Motor Drives,” IEEE Trans. on Industry Appl. 1A-20A, 1985.
- Famouri, P. and Cathey, J.J., “Loss Minimization Control of an Induction Motor Drive,” IEEE Trans. on Industry Appl., Jan/Feb 27(1), 1991.
- Sousa, G.C.D., Bose, B.K., and Cleland, J.G., “Fuzzy Logic Based On-Line Efficiency Optimization Control of an Indirect Vector Controlled Induction Motor Drive,” IEEE Conference Record, Nov. 1993.
- Kusko, A. and Galler, D., “Control Means for Minimization of Losses in AC and DC Motor Drives,” IEEE Trans. on Industry Appl. 1A(4):19, 1983.
- Smolin, V.I. and Topolskaya, I.G., “Amplitude Control of the Moment of a Three-Phase Asynchronous Drive Based on Generalized Energy-Flow Principles,” Russian Electrical Engineering 85(4):205-209, 2014.
- Vas, P., Sensorless Vector and Direct Torque Control “Oxford New York” (Tokyo: Oxford University Press, 1998), 729.
- Smolin, V. I., Topolskaya, I. G., and Volovich, G. I. (2016). The Energy Method for Monitoring the Instantaneous State and the Formation of a Synchronous Motor Control Variables. in Paper presented at the 2016 2nd International Conference on Industrial Engineering, Applications and Manufacturing, ICIEAM 2016 - Proceedings, doi:10.1109/ICIEAM.2016.7911509.
- Volovich, G.I., Circuit Design of Analog and Analog-to-Digital Electronic Devices (Moscow: Dodeca Publishing, 2005), 528.
- Smolin, V.I. and Topolskaya, I.G., “Theory of Generalized Energy Flow of Three-Phase Electromechanical Converter in the Problems of Electric Drive Control,” in Proceedings of the VIII International (XIX All-Russian) Conference on the Automatic Electric Drive AED-2014, Saransk, vol. 1, 111-115.
- Smolin V.I, “Fundamentals of the Theory of Generalized Energy Flow of Three-Phase Electromechanical Converters /V.I. Smolin, I.G. Topolskaya, Bulletin, SUSU. Series “Energy,” 2013, №1 (13).
- Smolin V.I., Topolskaya I.G., “Physico-Mathematical Foundations for Dynamic Properties of Induction Motor Electromagnetical System,” in Proceedings of the IX International (XX All-Russian) Conference on the Automatic Electric Drive AED-2016, Perm, 99-103.
- Smolin, V.I., Topolskaya, I.G., Yakovlev, V.A. Dynamic Properties of the Asynchronous Motor Electromagnetic System, in 2017 International Conference on Industrial Engineering, Applications and Manufacturing, ICIEAM 2017 - Proceedings, October 19, 2017.