Development of an Advanced Motor Control System for Electric Vehicles
Published April 2, 2019 by SAE International in United States
Downloadable datasets for this paper availableAnnotation of this paper is available
Electric vehicles are considered as one of the most popular way to decrease the consumption of petroleum resources and reduce environmental pollutions. Motor control system is one of the most important part of electric vehicles. It includes power supply module, IGBT driver, digital signal processing (DSP) controller, protection adjustment module, and resolver to digital convertor. To implement the control strategies on motor control system, a lot of practical aspects need to be taken into accounts. It includes setup of the initial excitation current, consistency of current between motor and program code, over-modulation, field weakening control, current protection, and so on. In this paper, an induction motor control system for electric vehicles is developed based on DSP. The control strategy is based on the field-oriented control (FOC) and space vector pulse width modulation (SVPWM). Speed calculation, over-modulation, field weakening control, PI controller, and fault diagnosis are also applied in this DSP algorithm. As an industry product running on a real electric bus with a 100kW induction motor, communication with vehicle control unit (VCU) by CAN bus, control system safety and PC software designed for lab experiments are also discussed. This paper focused on how to develop the advanced motor control system for electric vehicles for industrial application. The steady-state and transient performances of this motor control system are analyzed by both test-bench experiments and road experiments. Its performance is satisfactory when applied to the real electric vehicle.
CitationMen, X., Wu, G., Guo, Y., Zhu, Z. et al., "Development of an Advanced Motor Control System for Electric Vehicles," SAE Technical Paper 2019-01-0597, 2019, https://doi.org/10.4271/2019-01-0597.
Data Sets - Support Documents
|[Unnamed Dataset 1]|
|[Unnamed Dataset 2]|
- Xu, W., Zhu, J., Guo, Y., Wang, S. et al., “Survey on Electrical Machines in Electrical Vehicles,” Paper presented at in the 2009 International Conference on Applied Superconductivity and Electromagnetic Devices, ASEMD 2009, Chengdu, China, Sept. 25-27, 2009, 2009.
- Lei, G., Wang, T., Guo, Y., Zhu, J. et al., “System-Level Design Optimization Method for Electrical Drive Systems-Robust Approach,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics 62(8):4702-4713, Aug. 2015, doi:10.1109/TIE.2015.2404305.
- Lei, G., Wang, T., Guo, Y., Zhu, J. et al., “System-Level Design Optimization Methods for Electrical Drive Systems: Deterministic Approach,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics 61(12):6591-6602, Dec. 2014, doi:10.1109/TIE.2014.2321338.
- Xu, W., Zhu, J., Tan, L., Guo, Y. et al., “Optimal Design of a Linear Induction Motor Applied in Transportation,” in 2009 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology, 2009, Vols. 1-3, 318.
- Guo, Y., Xu, W., Zhu, J., Lu, H. et al., “Design and Analysis of a Linear Induction Motor for a Prototype Hts Maglev Transportation System,” Paper presented at the 2009 International Conference on Applied Superconductivity and Electromagnetic Devices, ASEMD 2009, Chengdu, China, Sept. 25-27, 2009.
- Xu, W., Zhu, J., Zhang, Y., Li, Y. et al., “An Improved Equivalent Circuit Model of a Single-Sided Linear Induction Motor,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology 59(5):2277-2289, June 2010, doi:10.1109/Tvt.2010.2043862.
- Casadei, D., Profumo, F., Serra, G., and Tani, A., “Foc and Dtc: Two Viable Schemes for Induction Motors Torque Control,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics 17(5):779-787, Sept. 2002, doi:10.1109/TPEL.2002.802183.
- Bose, B., Simoes, M., Crecelius, D., Rajashekara, K. et al., “Speed Sensorless Hybrid Vector Controlled Induction Motor Drive,” in IAS ’95 - Conference Record of the 1995 IEEE Industry Applications Conference/Thirtieth IAS Annual Meeting, 1995, Vols. 1-3, 137-43, doi: 10.1109/IAS.1995.530294.
- Instruments T, “TMS320F28335, Digital Signal Controllers (DSCs), Data Manual, Literature Number: SPRS439I,” 2007.
- Akin, B. and Bhardwaj, M., “Sensored Field Oriented Control of 3-Phase Induction Motors,” Texas Instrument Guide, 2013.
- Instruments, Texas, “TMS320x2833x, 2823x Enhanced Pulse Width Modulator (ePWM) Module Reference Guide (Literature Number: SPRUG04A),” 2009.
- Men, X., Guo, Y., Wu, G., Shi, C. et al., “Implementation of a Motor Control System for Electric Bus Based on DSP,” Paper presented at the 20th International Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems, ICEMS 2017, Sydney, NSW, Australia, Aug. 11-14, 2017, doi:2017.10.1109/icems.2017.8056504.
- Khan, A. and Kress, M., “Identification of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor Parameters,” SAE Technical Paper 2017-01-1237, 2017, doi:10.4271/2017-01-1237.