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Flame, Smoke, and Toxicity Energy Attenuating Materials for Use in Military Vehicles
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published April 3, 2018 by SAE International in United States
This content contains downloadable datasetsAnnotation ability available
Tank Automotive Research, Development, and Engineering Center (TARDEC) researched flame, smoke, and toxicity requirements for energy attenuating (EA) materials for use in U.S. Army Ground System Vehicle (GSV) applications. The purpose of this project is to reduce secondary thermal injury as a result of introducing EA materials into the military vehicle’s interior. Commercial-off-the-shelf materials were evaluated for their flame, smoke, and toxicity performance using three American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standards: ASTM E1354, ASTM E162, and ASTM E162. The results of this effort identified solutions which may potentially meet the needs of the Army’s unique thermal environment. TARDEC used the knowledge gained from this project to create performance specification requirements for interior head impact protective materials for us in U.S. Army vehicles.
CitationKlima, J. and Marquardt, R., "Flame, Smoke, and Toxicity Energy Attenuating Materials for Use in Military Vehicles," SAE Technical Paper 2018-01-0847, 2018, https://doi.org/10.4271/2018-01-0847.
Data Sets - Support Documents
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- United States of America (10-1-12 Edition), “571.302 Standard No 302; Flammability of Interior Materials,” Safety Assurance, Office of Vehicle Safety Compliance, United States of America, Department of Transportation.
- U.S. Department of Defense, “Fire and Toxicity Test Methods and Qualification Procedure for Composite Material Systems Used in Hull, Machinery, and Structural Applications Inside Naval Submarines,” U.S. Department of Defense.
- U.S. Department of Transportation, Office of vehicle Safety Compliance, “Laboratory Test Procedure for FMVSS 201U Occupant Protection in Interior Impact Upper Interior Head Impact Protection,” U.S. Department of Transportation, Office of vehicle Safety Compliance, Washington, DC, 20590.
- ASTM International, “Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter,” American Society for Testing and Materials, ASTM International.
- American Society for Testing and Materials International, “Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials,” American Society for Testing and Materials. American Society for Testing and Materials International.
- ASTM International, “Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source,” American Society of Mechanical Engineers. ASTM International, 2012.
- Department of Defense, “Test Method Standard Environmental Engineering Considerations and Laboratory Tests,” Department of Defense, 2008.