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Analysis of Repeatability and Reproducibility Standards of ATD Response for the Correlation Method
Published November 13, 2017 by The Stapp Association in United States
This content contains downloadable datasetsAnnotation ability available
Statistical methods, using the entire time-history, can be used to assess the impact response of an ATD (Anthropomorphic Test Device) in terms of its repeatability and reproducibility. In general, the methods generate a correlation relationship described as shape, magnitude and phase-difference between two time-histories’ in a given set of similar tests: for repeatability the relationship it is for the same ATD, for reproducibility it is for different ATDs of the same design and for biofidelity it is a relationship between ATDs and biomechanical response data from a series of human surrogate impact tests. The method uses the phase relationship to minimize the difference between any two time-histories through an alignment procedure and the magnitude and shape correlations are used to generate a parametric evaluation of the differences between any two time-histories, or set of time-histories.
This paper introduces a variance analysis using the entire time history to build additional foundation to the parametric evaluations using the magnitude and shape correlations and how they can be used to define repeatability and reproducibility ratings/criterion. The proposed methodology has been evaluated using two data sets based on HIII 50th dummy’s chest acceleration time histories observed in USNCAP tests. The first set consists of five tests from a single Lab. The second set consists of seven tests from labs different from the first set. A time-history parameter, V, (the normalized summation of squared point to point difference between a pair of signals) was introduced and used to perform statistical analysis of Variance (ANOVA) of the reproducibility of the time histories under investigation. In particular, the V-parameter has been analyzed using both ANOVA and T-test approaches.
The relationship between the parameter V and the parameters shape correlation and magnitude correlation is derived analytically. Using this relationship, criterions have been defined for reproducibility and/or repeatability with respect to the shape and magnitude correlations metrics. The criterions have been developed using a limited data set and may change as more data becomes available and is analyzed.
CitationXu, L. and Nusholtz, G., "Analysis of Repeatability and Reproducibility Standards of ATD Response for the Correlation Method," SAE Technical Paper 2017-22-0010, 2017, https://doi.org/10.4271/2017-22-0010.
Data Sets - Support Documents
|Unnamed Dataset 1|
- Xu , L , Agaram , V Rouhana , S Hultman , R , Kostyniuk , G , McCleary , J , Mertz , H , Nusholtz , G and Scherer , R 2000 Evaluation of the Pre- Prototype NHTSA Advanced Dummy Compared to the Hybrid III SAE 2000-01-0165
- Nusholtz , G.S. , Aoun , Z. Ben , Di Domenico , L. , Hsu , T. , Gracián , M. , Prado , J. 2013 Statistical Considerations for Evaluating Biofidelity, Repeatability, and Reproducibility of ATDs SAE 2013-01-1249
- Shi , Y , Nusholtz , G 2015 Assessment of Similarity of a Set of Impact Response Time Histories SAE 2015-01-1441
- Utts , J.M , Heckhard , R.F. 2013 Mind on Statistics University of Michigan