This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Vehicle Efficiency and Tractive Work: Rate of Change for the Past Decade and Accelerated Progress Required for U.S. Fuel Economy and CO 2 Regulations

Journal Article
2016-01-0909
ISSN: 1946-3952, e-ISSN: 1946-3960
Published April 05, 2016 by SAE International in United States
Vehicle Efficiency and Tractive Work: Rate of Change for the Past Decade and Accelerated Progress Required for U.S. Fuel Economy and CO
<sub>2</sub>
 Regulations
Sector:
Citation: Thomas, J., "Vehicle Efficiency and Tractive Work: Rate of Change for the Past Decade and Accelerated Progress Required for U.S. Fuel Economy and CO2 Regulations," SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. 9(1):290-305, 2016, https://doi.org/10.4271/2016-01-0909.
Language: English

References

  1. Light-Duty Automotive Technology Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and Fuel Economy Trends 1975 2015 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Transportation and Air Quality http://www.epa.gov/otaq/fetrends.htm
  2. Thomas , J. Drive Cycle Powertrain Efficiencies and Trends Derived from EPA Vehicle Dynamometer Results SAE Int. J. Passeng. Cars - Mech. Syst. 7 4 1374 1384 2014 10.4271/2014-01-2562
  3. EPA/NHTSA [Environmental Protection Agency and National Highway Traffic Safety Administration] 2012 2017 and Later Model Year Light-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards Final Rule. Federal Register 77:199 October 15 2012 62623 63200 http://www.nhtsa.gov/staticfiles/rulemaking/pdf/cafe/2017-25_CAFE_Final_Rule.pdf
  4. NHTSA and EPA Set Standards to Improve Fuel Economy and Reduce Greenhouse Gases for Passenger Cars and Light Trucks for Model Years 2017 and Beyond http://www.nhtsa.gov/staticfiles/rulemaking/pdf/cafe/CAFE_2017-25_Fact_Sheet.pdf
  5. EPA and NHTSA Set Standards to Reduce Greenhouse Gases and Improve Fuel Economy for Model Years 2017-2025 Cars and Light Trucks EPA-420-F-12-051 August 2012 http://www.epa.gov/otaq/climate/documents/420f12051.pdf
  6. EPA 2014 Calculations and References http://www.epa.gov/cleanenergy/energy-resources/refs.html
  7. EPA/NHTSA [Environmental Protection Agency and National Highway Traffic Safety Administration] 2010 Light-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emission Standards and Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards; Final Rule Federal Register 75 88 May 7 2010 25324 25728 http://www.nhtsa.gov/staticfiles/rulemaking/pdf/cafe/CAFE-GHG_MY_2012-2016_Final_Rule_FR.pdf
  8. Schoettle , B. and Sivak , M. An overview of CAFE credits and incorporation of the benefits of on-board carbon capture 2014 The University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/107473
  9. Sovran , G. Revisiting the Formulas for Tractive and Braking Energy on the EPA Driving Schedules SAE Int. J. Passeng. Cars - Mech. Syst. 6 1 269 282 2013 10.4271/2013-01-0766
  10. Sovran , G. The Impact of Regenerative Braking on the Powertrain-Delivered Energy Required for Vehicle Propulsion. SAE Technical Paper 2011-01-0891 2011 10.4271/2011-01-0891
  11. Sovran , G. and Blaser , D. Quantifying the Potential Impacts of Regenerative Braking on a Vehicle's Tractive-Fuel Consumption for the U.S., European, and Japanese Driving Schedules SAE Technical Paper 2006-01-0664 2006 10.4271/2006-01-0664
  12. Sovran , G. and Blaser , D. A Contribution to Understanding Automotive Fuel Economy and Its Limits SAE Technical Paper 2003-01-2070 2003 10.4271/2003-01-2070
  13. Hochgraf , C. and Duoba , M. What if the Prius Wasn't a Hybrid? What if the Corolla Were? An Analysis Based on Vehicle Limited Fuel Consumption and Powertrain and Braking Efficiency SAE Technical Paper 2010-01-0834 2010 10.4271/2010-01-0834
  14. Hochgraf , C. 2010 North American Light Duty Vehicle Assessment: The Ten Most Efficient Powertrains, The Ten Lowest Energy Consumption Chassis SAE Technical Paper 2011-01-0889 2011 10.4271/2011-01-0889
  15. SAE Standard J2263 Dec2008 Road Load Measurement Using Onboard Anemometry and Coastdown Techniques Dec. 2008
  16. Thomas , J. , Hwang , H. , West , B. , and Huff , S. Predicting Light-Duty Vehicle Fuel Economy as a Function of Highway Speed SAE Int. J. Passeng. Cars - Mech. Syst. 6 2 859 875 2013 10.4271/2013-01-1113
  17. Thomas , J. , Huff , S. , and West , B. Fuel Economy and Emissions Effects of Low Tire Pressure, Open Windows, Roof Top and Hitch-Mounted Cargo, and Trailer SAE Int. J. Passeng. Cars - Mech. Syst. 7 2 862 872 2014 10.4271/2014-01-1614
  18. Test Car List Data Files http://www.epa.gov/otaq/tcldata.htm
  19. U.S. DOE Alternative Fuels Data Center - Fuel Properties Comparison http://www.afdc.energy.gov/fuels/fuel_comparison_chart.pdf Dec. 2015
  20. Pannone , Greg Novation Analytics Sept. 2015
  21. http://www.fueleconomy.gov/ Where the Energy Goes: Gasoline Vehicles http://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/atv.shtml Fuel Economy: Where the Energy Goes: Hybrids http://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/atv-hev.shtml http://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/download.shtml
  22. Lohse-Busch , H. , Duoba , M. , Rask , E. , Meyer , M. AVTA Nissan Leaf Testing and analysis http://www.anl.gov/energy-systems/group/downloadable-dynamometer-database/electric-vehicles/2012-nissan-leaf Dec. 2015
  23. Lohse-Busch , H. , Duoba , M. , Rask , E. , Stutenberg , K. et al. Ambient Temperature (20°F, 72°F and 95°F) Impact on Fuel and Energy Consumption for Several Conventional Vehicles, Hybrid and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles and Battery Electric Vehicle SAE Technical Paper 2013-01-1462 2013 10.4271/2013-01-1462

Cited By