This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Requirements on Real-Time-Capable Automotive Ethernet Architectures

Journal Article
ISSN: 1946-4614, e-ISSN: 1946-4622
Published April 01, 2014 by SAE International in United States
Requirements on Real-Time-Capable Automotive Ethernet Architectures
Citation: Axer, P., Thiele, D., Ernst, R., Diemer, J. et al., "Requirements on Real-Time-Capable Automotive Ethernet Architectures," SAE Int. J. Passeng. Cars – Electron. Electr. Syst. 7(2):384-393, 2014,
Language: English


  1. Forwarding and Queuing Enhancements for Time-Sensitive Streams, IEEE Standard 802.1Qav-2009, 2009
  2. Katevenis, M, Sidiropoulos, S., Courcoubetis, C.: Weighted Round-Robin Cell Multiplexing in a General-Purpose ATM Switch Chip. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol. 9, no. 8, 1991
  3. Kopetz, H., Ademaj, A., Grillinger, P., and Steinhammer, K., “The time-triggered Ethernet (TTE) design,” In IEEE International Symposium on Object-Oriented Real-Time Distributed Computing (ISORC), pages 22-33, 2005.
  4. Henia, R, Hamann, A., Jersak, M., Racu, R., et al., “System Level Performance Analysis - the SymTA/S Approach,” In IEE Proceedings Computers and Digital Techniques, 2005.
  5. Diemer, J., Axer, P., and Ernst, R., “Compositional Performance Analysis in Python with pyCPA,” In 3rd International Workshop on Analysis Tools and Methodologies for Embedded and Real-time Systems (WATERS), July 2012.
  6. Thiele, L., Chakraborty, S., and Naedele, M., “Real-time calculus for scheduling hard real-time systems,” In The 27th Annual International Symposium on Computer Architecture (ISCA), Volume 4, 2000.
  7. Tindell, K.W., Bruns, A., and Wellings, A.J. “An extensible approach for analysing fixed priority hard real-time tasks,” RTSS, 1994.
  8. Schliecker, S., Rox, J., Ivers, M., and Ernst, R., “Providing Accurate Event Models for the Analysis of Heterogeneous Multiprocessor Systems,” In Proc. 6th International Conference on Hardware Software Codesign and System Synthesis (CODES-ISSS), Atlanta, GA, October 2008.
  9. Palencia, J. and Harbour, M., “Offset-based response time analysis of distributed systems scheduled under EDF,” In Proceedings of the Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems, pages 3-12, July 2003.
  10. Lee, K.C., Lee, S., and Lee, M.H., “Worst Case Communication Delay of Real-Time Industrial Switched Ethernet With Multiple Levels,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, October 2006.
  11. Davis, R. I. and Burns, A., “Controller Area Network (CAN) Schedulability Analysis: Refuted, Revisited and Revised,” Real-Time Systems, 35, 2007.
  12. Rox, J. and Ernst, R., “Formal Timing Analysis of Full Duplex Switched Based Ethernet Network Architectures,” SAE Technical Paper 2010-01-0455, 2010, doi:10.4271/2010-01-0455.
  13. Diemer, J., Thiele, D., and Ernst, R., “Formal Worst-Case Timing Analysis of Ethernet Topologies with Strict-Priority and AVB Switching,” In IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Embedded Systems, 2012.
  14. Imtiaz, J., Jasperneite, J., and Han, L., “A performance study of Ethernet Audio Video Bridging (AVB) for Industrial real-time communication,” In IEEE Conference on Emerging Technologies Factory Automation, 2009.
  15. Diemer, J., Rox, J., and Ernst, R., “Modeling of Ethernet AVB Networks for Worst-Case Timing Analysis,” In MATHMOD - Vienna International Conference on Mathematical Modelling, Vienna, Austria, 2012.
  16. Georges, J.-P., Divoux, T., and Rondeau, E., “Strict Priority versus Weighted Fair Queueing in Switched Ethernet Networks for Time Critical Applications,” In Proceedings of the IEEE International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium, April 2005.
  17. Thiele, D., Diemer, J., Axer, P., Ernst, R., et al., “Improved Formal Worst-Case Timing Analysis of Weighted Round Robin Scheduling for Ethernet,” In Proc. of CODES+ISSS, September, 2013.
  18. Bauer, H., Scharbarg, J.-L., and Fraboul, C., “Worst-case end-to-end delay analysis of an avionics AFDX network,” In Design, Automation Test in Europe Conference Exhibition (DATE), 2010.
  19. Bauer, H., Scharbarg, J.-L., and Fraboul, C., “Worst-Case Backlog Evaluation of Avionics Switched Ethernet Networks with the Trajectory Approach,” In Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems (ECRTS), July 2012.
  20. Gutiérrez, J.J., Palencia, J.C.P, and Harbour, M.G.H., “Response Time Analysis in AFDX Networks,” In XIV Jornadas de Tiempo Real, February 2011.
  21. Tamas-Selicean, D., Pop, P., and Steiner, W., “Synthesis of communication schedules for TTEthernet-based mixed-criticality systems,” In Proceedings of the international conference on Hardware/software codesign and system synthesis, CODES+ISSS '12. ACM, 2012.
  22. Schliecker, S., Diemer, J., “Quantifying the Timing Quality of Ethernet-based Network Configurations - What is the ‘Bus Load’ of my Ethernet network?,” Presentation at the 3rd Ethernet & IP @ Automotive Technology Day, Germany, September 2013. Available Online: Schlicker_Symtavision.pdf
  23. SymTA/S by Symtavision GmbH,
  24. Revsbech, K., Schiøler, H., Madsen T.K., and Nielsen, J.J., “Worst-case traversal time modelling of Ethernet based in-car networks using real time calculus,” In Proceedings of the international conferences on Smart spaces and next generation wired/wireless networking, NEW2AN'11/ruSMART'11, Springer-Verlag, 2011

Cited By