Open Access

Demonstration of Fuel Economy Benefit of Friction Modifier Additives via Fuel-to-Lubricant Transfer in Euro-5 Gasoline Fleet

Published October 14, 2013 by SAE International in United States
Demonstration of Fuel Economy Benefit of Friction Modifier Additives via Fuel-to-Lubricant Transfer in Euro-5 Gasoline Fleet
Sector:
Citation: Remmert, S., Felix-Moore, A., Nattrass, S., Buttery, I. et al., "Demonstration of Fuel Economy Benefit of Friction Modifier Additives via Fuel-to-Lubricant Transfer in Euro-5 Gasoline Fleet," SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. 6(3):677-690, 2013, https://doi.org/10.4271/2013-01-2611.
Language: English

References

  1. European Comission, “Climate Action: Reducing CO2 emissions from passenger cars,” http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/transport/vehicles/cars/index_en.htm, Jan. 2013.
  2. Kenbeek, D., Buenemann, T., and Rieffe, H., “Review of Organic Friction Modifiers - Contribution to Fuel Efficiency?,” SAE Technical Paper 2000-01-1792, 2000, doi:10.4271/2000-01-1792.
  3. Taylor, R.I., “Tribology and energy efficiency: from molecules to lubricated contacts to complete machines,” Faraday Discuss., 156:1-22, 2012, doi:10.1039/c2fd00122e.
  4. Phillips, C., McQueen, J., Gao, H., Stockwell, R. et al., “Design Considerations in Formulating Gasoline Engine Lubricants for Improving Engine Fuel Economy and Wear Resistance Part I: Base Oils and Additives,” SAE Technical Paper 2007-01-4143, 2007, doi:10.4271/2007-01-4143.
  5. Nattrass, S. and Davenport, A., “Application of a Split Lubrication Gasoline Engine to the Screening and Understanding of Friction Modifier Behaviour,” SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. 5(1):511-522, 2011, doi:10.4271/2011-01-2134.
  6. Heywood, J.B., “Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals,” Automotive Technology Series. McGraw Hill International Editions, New York, 1988.
  7. Dohner, B., Umehara, H., Kaneko, T., and Yamashita, M., “Development of Novel Friction Modifier Technology Part 2: Vehicle Testing,” SAE Technical Paper 2011-01-2126, 2011, doi:10.4271/2011-01-2126.
  8. de Andrade Ávila, R., de Aguilar Azevedo, B., and Sodré, J., “Influence of Friction Modifier Additives on the Tribology of Lubricating Oils,” SAE Technical Paper 2005-01-3985, 2005, doi:10.4271/2005-01-3985.
  9. Sutton, M., Kocsis, J., and Nakagawa, I., “Improved Friction Modifiers to Aid in Future Fuel Economy Targets,” SAE Technical Paper 2007-01-4134, 2007, doi:10.4271/2007-01-4134.
  10. Park, S., Cho, Y., Sung, K., and Han, N., “The Effect of Viscosity and Friction Modifier on Fuel Economy and the Relationship Between Fuel Economy and Friction,” SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. 2(2):72-80, 2009, doi:10.4271/2009-01-2662.
  11. Thiel, C. and Hayden, T., “The Fuel Additive/Lubricant Interactions: Compatibility Assessments in Field Studies and Laboratory Tests,” SAE Technical Paper 2001-01-1962, 2001, doi:10.4271/2001-01-1962.
  12. Hayden, T., Ropes, C., and Rawdon, M., “The Performance of a Gasoline Friction Modifier Fuel Additive,” SAE Technical Paper 2001-01-1961, 2001, doi:10.4271/2001-01-1961.
  13. Rappaport, S., Nattrass, S., Smith, S., Brewer, M. et al., “Management of Lubricant Fuel Economy Performance over Time through Fuel Additives,” SAE Technical Paper 2012-01-1270, 2012, doi:10.4271/2012-01-1270.
  14. Spink, C., Barraud, P., and Morris, G., “A Critical Road Test Evaluation of Two High-Performance Gasoline Additive Packages in a Fleet of Modern European and Japanese Vehicles,” SAE Technical Paper 912393, 1991, doi:10.4271/912393.
  15. Spink, C., McDonald, C., Morris, G., and Stephenson, T., “A Critical Road Test Evaluation of a High-Performance Gasoline Additive Package in a Fleet of Modern European and Asian Vehicles,” SAE Technical Paper 2004-01-2027, 2004, doi:10.4271/2004-01-2027.
  16. Spink, C., Cantlay, A., Ziman, P., Luebbers, M. et al., “A New Protocol for the Road Test Evaluation of Gasoline Additive Packages,” SAE Technical Paper 2006-01-3408, 2006, doi:10.4271/2006-01-3408.
  17. Nattrass, S. and Jones, W., “The Application of Telematics to the High-Precision Assessment of Fuel-Borne Fuel Economy Additives,” SAE Technical Paper 2012-01-1738, 2012, doi:10.4271/2012-01-1738.

Cited By