This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Dynamic Modeling of a PEM Fuel Cell for a Low Consumption Prototype
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published April 08, 2013 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
This investigation describes the dynamic modeling of a PEM (Polymer Electrolyte Membrane) fuel cell applied to a commercial 1kW dead end anode configuration. The system is tested and validated through some initial experiments. The model allows the characterization of the polarization curve, the evaluation of cell performance in terms of efficiency and consumption and the estimation of water production. To this purpose, an experimental set-up has been created using an electronic DC load (connected to a computer by RS232 serial communication) and an NI DAQ CompactRio evaluation board. The target is studying and testing solutions to improve performance, in particular with reference to hydrogen recovery solution from the purge valve.
The fuel cell model has been interfaced with a 3D race simulator that is able to reproduce the environment of the competition and the specification of the vehicle. This allows the analysis of the driver's single lap results in terms of performance and fuel consumption according to the goals of the competition. In the present investigation the rules of the Shell Eco Marathon 2012 competition have been taken into account.
Thanks to the developed tool, the driver is able to choose the best race strategy both interactively or with the help of a external optimizer.
CitationDonateo, T., Pacella, D., Indiveri, G., Ingrosso, F. et al., "Dynamic Modeling of a PEM Fuel Cell for a Low Consumption Prototype," SAE Technical Paper 2013-01-0480, 2013, https://doi.org/10.4271/2013-01-0480.
- Scarselli G. , Donateo T. , Luperto R. Structural frame development of a prototype car with high energetic performance Proceedings of 13th EAEC European Automotive Congress 978-84-615-1794-7 2011
- Donateo T. , Ingrosso F. , Nicolì A and Taurino A. An Inter-disciplinary Approach to the Development of a Low-consumption Prototype for the European Shell Eco-marathon ICEFMEME 2012 Beijing, China December 20 21 2012
- Kim J. , Lee S , Srinivasan S. and Chamberlin C.E. 1995 Modelling of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Performance with an Empirical Equation Journal of the Electrochemical Society 142 2670 2674
- Hirschenhofer J.H. , Stauffer D.B. , Engleman R.R. , Klett M.G. Fuel Cell Handbook U.S. Department of Energy Office of Fossil Energy Federal Energy Technology Center 1998
- Larminie , J.E. and Dicks , A. 2000 Fuel Cell Systems Explained John Wiley & Sons Chichester, England
- Gileadi E. 1993 Electrode Kinetics for Chemists, Chemical Engineers and Material Scientists VCH Publishers, Inc New York
- Kauman A.M. 1997 Understanding Electrochemical Cells_Technical Report Number 17 Solatron Analytical Texas USA
- Guzzella L. , Sciarretta A. Vehicle propulsion systems: introduction to modeling and optimization Springer-Verlag 2005
- Poles S. , Rigoni E. and Robic T. MOGA-II Performance on Noisy Optimization Problems Proceedings of the International Conference on Bioinspired Optimization Methods and their Applications, BIOMA 2004 51 62 Jožef Stefan Institute Ljubljana, Slovenia October 2004
- ESTECO s.r.l. ModeFRONTIER user manual www.esteco.com
- Bard A.J. , Faulkner L.R. Electrochemical Methods: Fundamentals and Applications Second John Wiley & Sons USA 2001
- Del prete , Schiavetti , Capobianco Analisi sperimentale di un sistema di trazione a celle a combustibile in regime non stazionario VI Congresso Nazionale di Misure Meccaniche e Termiche 2005