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Quality Inspection of Spot Welds using Digital Shearography

Journal Article
ISSN: 1946-3979, e-ISSN: 1946-3987
Published April 16, 2012 by SAE International in United States
Quality Inspection of Spot Welds using Digital Shearography
Citation: Xu, N., Xie, X., Harmon, G., Gu, R. et al., "Quality Inspection of Spot Welds using Digital Shearography," SAE Int. J. Mater. Manf. 5(1):96-101, 2012,
Language: English


Spot Welding is an important welding technique which is widely used in automotive and aerospace industry. One of the keys of checking the quality of the welds is measuring the size of the nugget. In this paper, the Shearographic technique is utilized to test weld joint samples under the thermal loading condition. The goal is to identify the different group of the nuggets (i.e. small, middle, and large sizes, which indicate the quality of spot welds). In the experiments, the sample under test is fixed by a magnet method from behind at the four edges. Thermal loading was applied in the back side and the sample is inspected using the digital Shearographic system in the front side. Results show the great possibility of classifying the nugget size into three groups and the measurement is well repeatable.