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Development of an On-Board PM Sensor for the OBD System Based on an Electrochemical Polarization
ISSN: 1946-3952, e-ISSN: 1946-3960
Published August 30, 2011 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Yoshihara, Y., Suzuki, T., Tominaga, K., Aoki, K. et al., "Development of an On-Board PM Sensor for the OBD System Based on an Electrochemical Polarization," SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. 5(1):337-342, 2012, https://doi.org/10.4271/2011-01-2059.
An on-board particulate matter (PM) sensor, consisting of a gas-permeable electrochemical cell with a porous yttria-stabilized zirconia solid oxide electrolyte, was developed to assist the on-board diagnostics (OBD) system of a vehicle. Exhaust is pumped from the anode side to the cathode side and PM deposited on the anode is instantly oxidized by the catalytic effects of the metal component of the electrode at temperatures higher than 350°C. The PM oxidation reaction occurs at the three-phase boundary between the anode, electrolyte and gas phase, and causes a slight change in the bulk average oxygen concentration, which produces electrochemical polarization by the difference in oxygen partial pressures between the anode and cathode. The developed PM sensor has a detection limit of 2 mg/m₃, at which level will enable PM detection in the OBD system according to the EURO VI regulation.
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