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Investigation of the Acoustic Performance of After Treatment Devices

Journal Article
ISSN: 1946-3995, e-ISSN: 1946-4002
Published May 17, 2011 by SAE International in United States
Investigation of the Acoustic Performance of After Treatment Devices
Citation: Elnady, T., Elsaadany, S., and Herrin, D., "Investigation of the Acoustic Performance of After Treatment Devices," SAE Int. J. Passeng. Cars – Mech. Syst. 4(2):1068-1075, 2011,
Language: English


Diesel engines produce harmful exhaust emissions and high exhaust noise levels. One way of mitigating both exhaust emissions and noise is via the use of after treatment devices such as Catalytic Converters (CC), Selective Catalytic Reducers (SCR), Diesel Oxidation Catalysts (DOC), and Diesel Particulate Filters (DPF). The objective of this investigation is to characterize and simulate the acoustic performance of different types of filters so that maximum benefit can be achieved. A number of after treatment device configurations for trucks were selected and measured. A measurement campaign was conducted to characterize the two-port transfer matrix of these devices. The simulation was performed using the two-port theory where the two-port models are limited to the plane wave range in the filter cavity. These models are implemented in SIDLAB Software for the simulation of low frequency sound propagation in ducts, and SIDLAB was used to predict the transfer matrix of the tested configurations. This paper presents guidelines for dividing these complicated systems into a number of simple 1D elements. Specifically, strategies for modeling the side inlet and outlet end caps are documented. The model takes about 15 minutes to set-up and 15 seconds to solve which demonstrates the power of using two-port techniques in modeling exhaust systems. The comparisons show good agreement between the measured and simulated transmission loss in the plane wave region.