This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Design and Testing of a Child Restraint for Developing Countries Using Low-Technology Manufacturing Methods
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published April 12, 2011 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
As passenger car use becomes more common in developing countries, the number of child passengers killed and injuries also increases. Rates of child restraint use appear to be much lower in developing countries than in the U.S. or Europe. One barrier to increased restraint use is the relatively high cost of child restraints in low- and middle-income countries, where the cost of child restraints can be similar to the U.S. but incomes and typical vehicle prices are much lower. As part of a broader effort to improve child passenger safety worldwide, a team at the University of Michigan has begun development of a child restraint that is intended to be fabricated using low-cost technology in developing countries with minimal capital investment. Providing a design that has been tested successfully to regulatory standards may reduce barriers to entry and allow the restraints to be marketed at low prices. An initial prototype of a convertible child restraint intended for children from birth to 18 kg was tested using FMVSS 213 procedures. The prototype passed all dynamic criteria in a rearward-facing test with the CRABI 12MO and all but head excursion in an untethered forward-facing test with the Hybrid-III 3YO ATD. The performance of the prototype demonstrated that a simply constructed restraint has the potential to provide high levels of safety performance.
CitationStrauss, R., Bland, M., Biddle, A., and Reed, M., "Design and Testing of a Child Restraint for Developing Countries Using Low-Technology Manufacturing Methods," SAE Technical Paper 2011-01-0260, 2011, https://doi.org/10.4271/2011-01-0260.
- Sminkey, L. 2009 Pedestrians, cyclists among main road traffic crash victims http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2009/road_safety_report_20090615/en/index.html
- World Health Organization 2004 Children and road traffic injury http://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/child/injury/world_report/Road_traffic_injuries_english.pdf
- World Health Organization Seat-belts and child restraints: a road safety manual http://www.who.int/roadsafety/projects/manuals/seatbelt/seat_belt_manual_module_1.pdf
- Boerma, T. Abou-Zahr, C. Fleck, F. Ghent, A. 2009 Progress on health-related MDGs mixed http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/notes/2009/millennium_development_goals_20090521/en/index.html
- World Health Organization, Geneva 2009 Global status report on road safety: time for action www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/road_safety_status/2009
- FMVSS 213 2009 Child restraint systems Code of Federal Regulations 1
- Arbogast, K. Durbin, D. Cornejo, R. Kalian, M. Winston, F. 2004 An evaluation of the effectiveness of forward facing child restraint systems Accident Analysis and Prevention 36 585 589
- Rice, T. Anderson, C. 2009 The Effectiveness of Child Restraint Systems for Children Aged 3 or Younger During Motor Vehicle Collisions: 1996 to 2005 American Journal of Public Health 99 252 257
- Roberts, I. Mohan, D. Abbasi, K. 2002 War on the roads: The public health community must intervene British Medical Journal 324 1107 1108
- Söderlund, N. Zwi, A.B. 1995 Traffic-related mortality in industrialized and less developed countries Bulletin of the World Health Organization 73 175 182
- Ameratunga, S. Hijar, M. Norton, R. 2006 Road-traffic injuries: confronting disparities to address a global-health problem Lancet 367 1533 1540