This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Adaptive Protection Methods for Aircraft Applications
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published November 02, 2010 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
Event: Power Systems Conference
Complex certification issues aside, aircraft electrical systems possess a number of attributes that present good opportunities for the implementation of adaptive protection systems. Rather than experiencing the complex upgrade process faced in the application of adaptive protection to grid based networks, the opportunity to incorporate their functionality at the design stage of new aircraft systems encourages their use and even offers the potential to implement highly integrated protection and control systems. The physically compact nature of aircraft electrical systems and the presence of an existing communications infrastructure should permit the use of both local and remotely obtained power system data within the adaptive protection systems, maximizing the opportunities for achieving highly capable systems. These promising opportunities however are offset by a possible decrease in protection system reliability resulting from the increased number of failure modes associated with adaptive elements, which may outweigh the benefits provided. Given the shortage of available literature focused on the aerospace domain, this paper seeks to address the knowledge gap by exploring the use of adaptive protection within aircraft power systems. After providing an overview of the core elements of adaptive protection, a number of schemes potentially suited to aircraft systems are presented. Particular opportunities are identified for applications employing power electronic based distribution systems where protection and control functions already overlap to some extent, and where previous research into such systems has already indicated a requirement for a coordinated and flexible protection and control approach. Finally, conclusions are drawn regarding the usage of adaptive protection in the aerospace domain together with the key research issues requiring further investigation.
CitationNorman, P., Galloway, S., Burt, G., and Hill, J., "Adaptive Protection Methods for Aircraft Applications," SAE Technical Paper 2010-01-1750, 2010, https://doi.org/10.4271/2010-01-1750.
- Faleiro, L., “Beyond the More Electric Aircraft,” Aerospace America: 35-37, Sept. 2005.
- Sinnet, M., “787 No-Bleed Systems: Saving Fuel and Enhancing Operational Efficiencies,” Boeing Commercial Aeromagazine: 6-11, Quarter 4, 2007.
- Norman, P. J., Galloway, S. J., Burt, G. M., Trainer, D. R., Hirst, M., “Transient Analysis of the More-Electric Engine Electrical Power Distribution Network,” IET Power Electronics Machines and Drives (PEMD): 681-685, April 2008.
- IEEE Working Group Report, Thorp, J. S.(Chairman), “Feasibility of Adaptive Protection and Control,” IEEE Trans. On Power Delivery, Vol. 8: 975-983, 1993.
- McDonald, J., “Adaptive Intelligent Power Systems: Active Distribution Networks,” Energy Policy, Vol. 36, No. 12: 4346-4351, 2008.
- Brahama, S. M., Girgis, A. A., “Development of Adaptive Protection Scheme for Distribution Systems with High Penetration of Distributed Generation,” IEEE Trans. on Power Delivery, Vol. 18, No. 1: 56-63, 2004.
- Cigre Working Group 34.02, Phadke, A. G. (Convener), “Adaptive Protections and Control: Final Report,” CE/SC 34 GT/WG 02, 1995.
- Kezunovic, M., Watson, K., Russel, B. D, Heller, P., Aucoin, M., “Expert System Applications to Protection, Substation Control and Related Monitoring Functions,” Electric Power Systems Research, Vol. 21: 71-86, 1991.
- “Aircraft electrical power characteristics,” MIL-STD-704F, 2004.
- Laway, N. A., Gupta, H. O., “A Method for Adaptive Coordination of Overcurrent Relays in an Interconnected Power System,” 5th International Conference on Developments in Power System Protection (DPSP): pp. 240-243, April 1993.
- Amoda, A. O., Schulz, N. N., “Adaptive Protection Scheme for Shipboard Power Systems, Electric Ship Technologies Symposium: 225-230, May 2007.
- Norman, P. J., Galloway, S. J., Burt, G. M., Hill, J. E., “Improving Aircraft engine operability through electric system design and operation,” IET Power Electronics Machines and Drives Conference, April 2010.
- Fletcher, S.D.A., Norman, P.J., Galloway, S.J., and Burt, G.M., “Evaluation of Overvoltage Protection Requirements for a DC UAV Electrical Network,” SAE Technical Paper 2008-01-2900, 2008, doi:10.4271/2008-01-2900.
- Norman, P. J., Galloway, S. J., Burt, G. M., Trainer, D. R., Hirst, M., “Transient Analysis of the More-Electric Engine Electrical Power Distribution Network,” IET Power Electronics Machines and Drives Conference: 681-685, April 2008.
- Sudhoff, S. D., Glover, S. F., Lamm, P. T., Schmucker, D. H., Delisle, D. E., “Admittance Space Stability of Power Electronic Systems,” IEEE Trans on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, Vol. 36, No. 3: 965-973, 2003
- Wheeler, P, Clare, J., Bozhko, S., and Kulshreshtha, A, “Regeneration in Aircraft Electrical Power Systems,” SAE Technical Paper 2008-01-2898, 2008, doi:10.4271/2008-01-2898.
- Morton, J. S., “Circuit breaker and protection requirements for DC switchgear used in rapid transit systems,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. IA-21: 1268-1273, 1985.
- Tang, L. Ooi, B. T., “Locating and Isolating DC Faults in Multi-Terminal DC Systems”, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 22, no. 3: 1877-1884, 2007.