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Brake Dynamometer Test Variability - Analysis of Root Causes
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published October 10, 2010 by SAE International in United States
This content contains downloadable datasetsAnnotation ability available
Modern project management including brake testing includes the exchange of reliable results from different sources and different locations. The ISO TC22/SWG2-Brake Lining Committee established a task force led by Ford Motor Co. to determine and analyze root causes for variability during dynamometer brake performance testing. The overall goal was to provide guidelines on how to reduce variability and how to improve correlation between dynamometer and vehicle test results. This collaborative accuracy study used the ISO 26867 Friction behavior assessment for automotive brake systems. Future efforts of the ISO task force will address NVH and vehicle-level tests.
This paper corresponds to the first two phases of the project regarding performance brake dynamometer testing and presents results, findings and conclusions regarding repeatability (within-lab) and reproducibility (between-labs) from different laboratories and different brake dynamometers. The new EKB 3008 data exchange format was used by participating facilities to share test results using spreadsheet applications, help automate the evaluations, and simplify the different comparisons performed for this project. This on one of the first practical applications for the EKB 3008 format with several software platforms involved.
In order to minimize variations caused by test parts, components (brake discs, brake pads, calipers and vehicle knuckles) were carefully selected, prepared, and measured prior to testing. Special attention was given to: test procedure implementation, critical braking and testing conditions, dynamometer setup and controls, data collection, data processing and test evaluation routines. Statistical analysis (Minitab® and ISO Statistical Methods) were used to separate variability caused by test parts and caused by the test setup. Based on the findings, the paper presents guidelines for improving repeatability (within-lab) and reproducibility (between-labs) during regular testing activities.
Compared to vehicle testing, variability root-cause investigation using brake dynamometers is more efficient (less sources of variation and less use of testing and engineering resources) and under more controlled conditions. Findings from this variability study will support future improvement efforts for several laboratory and vehicle performance and NVH test procedure and techniques.
|Journal Article||Brake Dynamometer Test Variability Part 2- Description of the Influencing Factors|
|Ground Vehicle Standard||Air Brake Actuator Test Performance Requirements - Truck and Bus|
|Ground Vehicle Standard||Air Brake Actuator Test Procedure, Truck-Tractor, Bus, and Trailers|
CitationGrochowicz, J., Wollenweber, K., Agudelo, C., and Abendroth, H., "Brake Dynamometer Test Variability - Analysis of Root Causes," SAE Technical Paper 2010-01-1697, 2010, https://doi.org/10.4271/2010-01-1697.
Data Sets - Support Documents
|Unnamed Dataset 1|
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- Eisengräber, R. Grochowicz, J. Schuster, M. Augsburg, K. et al. “Comparison of Different Methods for the Determination of the Friction Temperature of Disc Brakes,” SAE Technical Paper 1999-01-0138 1999 10.4271/1999-01-0138
- Dada, A.R. “Hayes High Airflow Design Rotor for Improved Thermal Cooling and Coning,” SAE Technical Paper 982248 1998 10.4271/982248
- Bröring, M. “Evaluation and Simulation of Brake Tests with Implementation on a Brake Dynamometer ( Auswertung und Simulation von Bremsentests sowie deren Implementierung auf einem Dynamometer ),” Cologne 2009
- Krishnapur, K. Luo, J. “Brake Squeal Rig and LACT Vehicle Test Correlation Improvement - Focus on Thermal Conditioning,” SAE Technical Paper 2004-01-2791 2004 10.4271/2004-01-2791
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