This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Diesel Catalyst Aging using a FOCAS® HGTR, a Diesel Burner System, to Simulate Engine-Based Aging
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published April 12, 2010 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
The classical approach to prepare engine exhaust emissions control systems for evaluation and certification is to condition the fresh parts by aging the systems on an engine/dynamometer aging stand. For diesel systems this can be a very lengthy process since the estimated service life of the emissions control systems can be several hundred thousand miles. Thus full useful life aging can take thousands of engine bench aging hours, even at elevated temperatures, making aging a considerable cost and time investment.
Compared to gasoline engines, diesel engines operate with very low exhaust gas temperatures. One of the major sources of catalyst deactivation is exposure to high temperature [ 1 ]. The low temperatures observed in diesel engine systems can make it difficult to achieve elevated aging temperatures necessary to achieve accelerated aging effects, which results in longer aging times and/or more complex exhaust temperature elevation approaches to simulate targeted mileage conditions. Additionally, the larger diesel engines consume a considerable amount of fuel during the aging process, and fuel can be a major portion of the total aging cost.
A burner-based aging system offers an alternative solution that provides higher exhaust temperatures, with lower fuel consumption compared to a diesel engine bench aging system. For gasoline aging test stands, equivalency in the aging impact between burner-based aging systems and gasoline-engine based aging systems has been demonstrated [ 2 ]. This paper presents a diesel-fuel burner-based aging system that addresses the technical challenges of using a burner to simulate diesel exhaust and the validation of aging equivalency between the burner-based system and a diesel-engine bench aging stand. The operational cost effectiveness of burner systems compared to diesel systems is also explored.
CitationWebb, C., Miller, J., and Sharp, C., "Diesel Catalyst Aging using a FOCAS® HGTR, a Diesel Burner System, to Simulate Engine-Based Aging," SAE Technical Paper 2010-01-1218, 2010, https://doi.org/10.4271/2010-01-1218.
- Heck, Ron, “Catalytic Air Pollution Control,” Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1995.
- Webb, C.C. and Bykowski, B.B., “Development of a Methodology to Separate Thermal from Oil Aging of a Catalyst Using a Gasoline-Fueled Burner System,” SAE Technical Paper 2003-01-0663, 2003.
- Kim, M., Nam, I., “Water tolerance of DeNopx SCR catalyst using hydrocarbons: Findings, Improvements, and Challenges,” Korean J. Chem. Eng. 18 (5), 725-740 (2001).
- Heywood, J., “Internal Combustion Engine Fundementals,” McGraw Hill 1980.
- US Patent No. 7,550,126, “NOX Augmentation is Exhaust Simulation System,” 6/23/2009, Webb, C.C. and Sharp, C.A.
- Bougher, T., Novoselich, B., “Modeling Cetane 45 Diesel Fuel Flam Temperature,” data generated using Chemical Equilibrium with Applications (CEA) software from NASA.
- “Lower Heating Value,” from Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lower_heating_value.