This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Posture Maintenance of the Human Neck
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published June 09, 2009 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
Two sets of volunteer tests were used to analyze neuromuscular control of the human neck.
Transient responses imitating a 6 km/h rear impact were analyzed using inverse dynamics to estimate neuromuscular feedback parameters. Using linear models a good fit of the data was obtained. The position feedback gain at T1 is about twice the value at OC and surprisingly position feedback gains estimated for the instructions relax and resist do not differ strongly.
New experiments were performed applying continuous random appearing seat displacements. Analysis in the frequency domain showed a good coherence from 1-4 Hz indicating that these data are suitable for the estimation of neuromuscular parameters.
|Technical Paper||Comparison of Motorcycle Braking System Effectiveness|
|Ground Vehicle Standard||Motor Vehicle Seat Dimensions|
|Technical Paper||The Rebound Characteristics of Seats|
CitationHappee, R. and van Drunen, P., "Posture Maintenance of the Human Neck," SAE Technical Paper 2009-01-2304, 2009, https://doi.org/10.4271/2009-01-2304.
- De Vlugt E Schouten AC Van der Helm FCT Adaptation of reflexive feedback during arm posture to different environments Biol. Cybern. 87 2002 10 26
- Ejima S Ono K Holcombe S Kaneoka K Fukushima M 2007 A study on occupant kinematics behaviour and muscle activities during pre-impact braking based on volunteer tests International Conference on the Biomechanics of impact (IRCOBI) Maastricht September 2007
- Fard MA Ishihara T Inooka H. Identification of the head-neck complex in response to trunk horizontal vibration Biological Cybernetics 90 418 426 2004
- Guitton D Kearney RE Wereley N Peterson BW Visual, vestibular and voluntary contributions to human head stabilization Exp Brain Res. 1986 64 1 59 69
- Happee R Schouten AC De Vlugt E 2008 Posture Maintenance of the Human Upper Extremity; Identification of Intrinsic and Reflex Based Contributions Digital Human Modeling for Design and Engineering Symposium June 2008 Pittsburgh, PA, USA SAE 2008-01-1888
- Hedenstierna S Halldin P How does a three-dimensional continuum muscle model affect the kinematics and muscle strains of a finite element neck model compared to a discrete muscle model in rear-end, frontal, and lateral impacts Spine 2008 Apr 15 33 8 E236 45
- Kearney RE Hunter IW 1984 System-identification of human stretch reflex dynamics - tibialis anterior Experimental Brain Research 56 40 49
- Keshner EA Modulating active stiffness affects head stabilizing strategies in young and elderly adults during trunk rotations in the vertical plane Gait and Posture 11 1 11 2000
- Keshner EA Head-Trunk Coordination During Linear Anterior-Posterior Translations Journal of Neurophysiology 89 1891 1901 2003
- Ono K Inami S Kaneoka K Gotou T Kisanuki Y Sakuma S Miki K 1999 Relationship between localized spine deformation and cervical vertebral motions for low speed rear impacts using human volunteers IRCOBI Conference 1999
- Ono K Kaneoka K Sun EA Takhounts EG Eppinger RH 2001 Biomechanical response of human cervical spine to direct loading of the head IRCOBI Conference 2001
- Ono K Ejima S Suzuki Y Kaneoka K Fukushima M Ujihashi S Prediction of neck injury risk based on the analysis of localized cervical vertebral motion of human volunteers during low-speed rear impacts IRCOBI Conference 2006
- Ono K Ejima S Kaneoka K Fukushima M Yamada S Ujihashi S Biomechanical response of head/neck/torso and cervical vertebral motion to lateral impact loading on the shoulders of volunteers Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV) conference 2007
- Schouten AC De Vlugt E Van Hilten JJ Van der Helm FCT. 2008 Quantifying proprioceptive reflexes in vivo during postural tasks IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 55 1 January 2008
- Simoneau M Denninger M Hain TC Role of loading on the head stability and effective neck stiffness and viscosity Journal of Biomechanics 2008
- Van der Horst MJ Thunnissen JGM Happee R van Haaster RMHP 1997 The influence of muscle activity on head-neck response during impact STAPP Conference 1997 SAE 973346
- Van der Horst MJ 2002 Human head neck response in frontal, lateral and rear end impact loading - modelling and validation Eindhoven University of Technology 90-386-2843-9