This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Effect of Head and Neck Anthropometry on the Normal Range of Motion of the Cervical Spine of Prepubescent Children
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published June 09, 2009 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
Application of cervical spine range of motion data and related anthropometric measures of the head and neck include physical therapy, product design, and computational modeling. This study utilized the Cervical Range of Motion device (CROM) to define the normal range of motion of the cervical spine for subjects five (5) through ten (10) years of age. And, the data was collected and analyzed with respect to anatomical measures such as head circumference, face height, neck length, and neck circumference. This study correlates these static anthropometric measures to the kinematic measurement of head flexion, extension, lateral extension, and rotation. An analysis using Pearson's correlation coefficient and a hypothesis test to evaluate the significance of the correlation indicated a statistically significant linear relationship between neck length and flexion r(156) = +0.16, p<0.042, neck length and lateral extension r(156) = +0.21, p<0.009, neck length and rotation r(156) = +0.17, p<0.035, neck circumference and lateral extension r(156) = −0.23, p<0.004, and head circumference and rotation r(156) = +0.21, p<0.009.
CitationBrelin-Fornari, J., Majeske, K., and Lynch-Caris, T., "Effect of Head and Neck Anthropometry on the Normal Range of Motion of the Cervical Spine of Prepubescent Children," SAE Technical Paper 2009-01-2302, 2009, https://doi.org/10.4271/2009-01-2302.
- Ken Ken Giles NEWS from CPSC U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission “CPSC, McDonald's Release National Survey on Bike Helmet Usage: Helmet Use on the Rise, But Half of All Riders Still Not Wearing Helmets” Release # 99-099, Office of Information and Public Affairs Washington, DC 20207 April 21 1999
- Dehner C. Schick S. Arand M. Elbel M. Hell W. Kramer M. “Influence of anthropometry on the Kinematics of the Cervical Spine and the Risk of Injury in Sled Tests in Female Volunteers” Accident Analysis and Prevention, 40 2008 1305 1312
- Lynch-Caris T. Brelin-Fornari J. Van Pelt C. “Cervical Range of Motion Data in Children” SAE 2006-01-1140 , Society of Automotive Engineers Warrendale, PA 2006
- Lynch-Caris T. Majeske K. Brelin-Fornari J. Nashi S. “Establishing Reference Values for Cervical Spine Range of Motion in Pre-Pubescent Children” J. Biomechanics, 41 2008 2714 2719
- Lewandowski J. Szulc P. “The Range of Motion of the Cervical Spine in Children Aged from 3 to 7 years-an Electrogoniometric Study” Via Medica 62 4 459 461
- Arbogast K. Gholve P. Friedman J. Maltese M. Tomasello M. Dormans J. “Normal Cervical Spine Range of Motion in Children 3-12 Years Old” Spine. 32(10):E309-E315 May 1 2007
- National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) 1977 “Plan and operation of the Health and Nutrition Examination Survey” Vital and Health Statistics Ser 1, No. 1 Ob - Data Collection Forms of the Survey. DHEW Publ. No. m) 77-13 10. U.S. Public Health Service Washington, DC
- Bailor J Meyer A Pool R Committee for the Assessment of the NIOSH Head-and-Face Anthropometric Survey of U.S. Respirator Users “Assessment of the NIOSH Head-and-Face Anthropometric Survey of U.S. Respirator Users.” The National Academies Press 2007
- Rehaboutlet 2005 CROM (cervical range of motion instrument), Copyright 1999-2005, Hospeq, Inc. < http://Rehaboutlet.com >