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Exhaust Valve & Valve Seat Insert – Development for an Industrial LPG Application
ISSN: 1946-391X, e-ISSN: 1946-3928
Published May 13, 2009 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Mantey, C., Mezzarano, A., and Kolkemo, A., "Exhaust Valve & Valve Seat Insert – Development for an Industrial LPG Application," SAE Int. J. Commer. Veh. 2(2):1-11, 2010, https://doi.org/10.4271/2009-01-1602.
Automotive engines are regularly utilized in the material handling market where LPG is often the primary fuel used. When compared to gasoline, the use of gaseous fuels (LPG and CNG) as well as alcohol based fuels, often result in significant increases in valve seat insert (VSI) and valve face wear. This phenomenon is widely recognized and the engine manufacturer is tasked to identify and incorporate appropriate valvetrain material and design features that can meet the ever increasing life expectations of the end-user. Alternate materials are often developed based on laboratory testing – testing that may not represent real world usage. The ultimate goal of the product engineer is to utilize accelerated lab test procedures that can be correlated to field life and field failure mechanisms, and then select appropriate materials/design features that meet the targeted life requirements.