This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
A Study on the Emissions of Chemical Species from Heavy-Duty Diesel Engines and the Effects of Modern Aftertreatment Technology
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published April 20, 2009 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
A comparative analysis was made on the emissions from a 2004 and a 2007 heavy-duty diesel engine to determine how new engine and emissions technologies have affected the chemical compounds found in the exhaust gases. Representative samples were collected from a source dilution sampling system and analyzed for both criteria and unregulated gaseous and particulate emissions. Results have shown that the 2007 regulations compliant engine and emissions technology not only reduced the specifically regulated exhaust pollutants, but also significantly reduced the majority of unregulated chemical species. It is believed that these reductions were achieved through the use of engine optimization, aftertreatment system integration, and ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel.
CitationLiu, Z., Berg, D., Swor, T., Schauer, J. et al., "A Study on the Emissions of Chemical Species from Heavy-Duty Diesel Engines and the Effects of Modern Aftertreatment Technology," SAE Technical Paper 2009-01-1084, 2009, https://doi.org/10.4271/2009-01-1084.
- Eastwood P. 2000 Critical Topics in Exhaust Gas Aftertreatment Research Studies Press Ltd. Baldock
- Zheng M. Reader G.T. Hawley J.G. 2003 Diesel Engine Exhaust Gas Recirculation—A Review on Advanced and Novel Concepts Energy Convers. Manage. 45 883 900
- Protection of the Environment 2001
- Schauer J.J. Kleeman M.J. Cass G.R. Simoneit B.R. 1999 Measurement of Emissions from Air Pollution Sources. 2. C 1 to C 30 Organic Compounds from Medium Duty Diesel Trucks Environ. Sci. Technol. 33 1578 1587
- Johnson J.E. Kittelson D.B. 1994 Physical Factors Affecting Hydrocarbon Oxidation in a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst SAE Paper No. 941771
- Voss K.E. Wildman T.D. Gorel A. Norris M.G. Rotolico T. Fabel A. 1997 Zirconia Based Ceramic, In-Cylinder Coatings and Aftertreatment Oxidation Catalysts for Reduction of Emissions from Heavy Duty Diesel Engines SAE Paper No. 970469
- Rogge W.F. Hildemann L.M. Mazurek M.A. Cass G.R. 1993 Sources of Fine Organic Aerosol. 2. Noncatalyst and Catalyst-Equipped Automobiles and Heavy-Duty Diesel Trucks Environ. Sci. Technol. 27 636 651
- Catalytic Air Pollution Control: Commercial Technology John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1995
- Farrauto R.J. Voss K.E. 1996 Monolithic Diesel Oxidation Catalysts Appl. Catal. 10 29 51
- Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines - Exhaust Emission Measurement Part 4: Test Cycles for Different Engine Applications ISO 8178-4 1996
- Liu G.Z. Swor T.A. Schauer J.J. Debilzen J. Severance C.A. 2007 Source Dilution Sampling System for Characterization of Engine Emissions under Transient or Steady-State Operation Aerosol Sci. Technol.
- Birch M.E. Cary R.A. 1996 Elemental Carbon-Based Method for Monitoring Occupational Exposures to Particulate Diesel Exhaust Aerosol Sci. Technol. 25 221 241
- Kolodziej C. Wirojsakunchai E. Foster D.E. Schmidt N. Kamimoto T. Kawai T. Akard M. Yoshimura T. 2007 Comprehensive Characterization of Particulate Emissions from Advanced Diesel Combustion SAE Paper No. 2007-01-1945
- Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: from Air Pollution to Climate Change John Wiley & Sons, Inc. New York 1998
- Schauer J.J. Lough G.C. Shafer M.M. Christensen W.F. Arndy M.F. DeMinter J.T. Park J.S. 2006 Characterization of Metals Emitted from Motor Vehicles Health Effects Institute Research Report 133
- NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods 4th U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 1994
- Winberry W.T. Tejada S. Lonneman B. Kleindienst T. 1999 Compendium of Methods for the Determination of Toxic Organic Compounds in Ambient Air EPA/602/R-96/010b
- Durbin T.D. Zhu X. Norbeck J.M. 2003 The Effects of Diesel Particulate Filters and a Low-Aromatic, Low-Sulfur Diesel Fuel on Emissions for Medium-Duty Diesel Trucks Atmos. Environ. 37 2105 2116
- Warner J.R. Johnson J.H. Bagley S.T. Huynh C. 2003 Effects of a Catalyzed Particulate Filter on Emissions from a Diesel Engine: Chemical Characterization Data and Particulate Emissions Measured with Thermal Optical and Gravimetric Methods SAE Paper No. 2003-01-0049
- Chatterjee S. McDonald C. Conway R. Windawi H. Vertin K. LeTavec C.A. Clark N.N. Gautam M. 2001 Emission Reductions and Operational Experiences With Heavy Duty Diesel Fleet Vehicles Retrofitted With Continuously Regenerated Diesel Particulate Filters in Southern California SAE Paper No. 2001-01-0512
- Bagley S.T. Gratz L.D. Johnson J.H. McDonald J.F. 1998 Effects of an Oxidation Catalytic Converter and a Biodiesel Fuel on the Chemical, Mutagenic, and Particle Size Characteristics of Emissions from a Diesel Engine Environ. Sci. Technol. 32 1183 1191
- Lloyd A.C. Cackette T.A. 2001 Diesel Engines: Environmental Impact and Control J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc. 51 809 847