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Prediction of Automotive Side Swing Door Closing Effort

Journal Article
ISSN: 1946-3995, e-ISSN: 1946-4002
Published April 20, 2009 by SAE International in United States
Prediction of Automotive Side Swing Door Closing Effort
Citation: Li, J., Mourelatos, Z., Schwarze, F., and Rozenbaum, J., "Prediction of Automotive Side Swing Door Closing Effort," SAE Int. J. Passeng. Cars – Mech. Syst. 2(1):271-284, 2009,
Language: English


The door closing effort is a quality issue concerning both automobile designers and customers. This paper describes an Excel based mathematical model for predicting the side door closing effort in terms of the required minimum energy or velocity, to close the door from a small open position when the check-link ceases to function. A simplified but comprehensive model is developed which includes the cabin pressure (air bind), seal compression, door weight, latch effort, and hinge friction effects. The flexibility of the door and car body is ignored. Because the model simplification introduces errors, we calibrate it using measured data. Calibration is also necessary because some input parameters are difficult to obtain directly. In this work, we provide the option to calibrate the hinge model, the latch model, the seal compression model, and the air bind model. The door weight effect is geometrically exact, and does not need calibration. The capabilities and accuracy of the developed model are demonstrated using the front and rear doors of a production vehicle.