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The Effect of Hydrocarbons on the Selective Catalyzed Reduction of NOx over Low and High Temperature Catalyst Formulations
ISSN: 1946-3952, e-ISSN: 1946-3960
Published April 14, 2008 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Montreuil, C. and Lambert, C., "The Effect of Hydrocarbons on the Selective Catalyzed Reduction of NOx over Low and High Temperature Catalyst Formulations," SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. 1(1):495-504, 2009, https://doi.org/10.4271/2008-01-1030.
Selective Catalytic Reduction of NOx is a promising technology to enable diesel engines to meet certification under Tier 2 Bin 5 emissions requirements. SCR catalysts for vehicle use are typically zeolitic materials known to store both hydrocarbons and ammonia. Ammonia storage on the zeolite has a beneficial effect on NOx conversion; hydrocarbons however, compete with ammonia for storage sites and may also block access to the interior of the zeolites where the bulk of the catalytic processes take place.
This paper presents the results of laboratory studies utilizing surrogate hydrocarbon species to simulate engine-out exhaust over catalysts formulated to operate in both low (≈175-500°C) and high temperature (≈250-600°C) regimes. The effects of hydrocarbon exposure of these individual species on the SCR reaction are examined and observations are made as to necessary conditions for the recovery of SCR activity. An evolution of SCR catalysts is observed, culminating in nearly complete resistance to hydrocarbon inhibition for the low temperature formulations. Further improvement is needed for the high temperature versions.
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