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Ventilation Characteristics of Modeled Compact Car Part 2 Estimation of Local Ventilation Efficiency and Inhaled Air Quality
ISSN: 1946-3995, e-ISSN: 1946-4002
Published April 14, 2008 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Nagano, H., Kato, S., Zhu, S., Ozeki, Y. et al., "Ventilation Characteristics of Modeled Compact Car Part 2 Estimation of Local Ventilation Efficiency and Inhaled Air Quality," SAE Int. J. Passeng. Cars - Mech. Syst. 1(1):623-630, 2009, https://doi.org/10.4271/2008-01-0731.
In order to evaluate the ventilation characteristics of car interior, a model experiment was performed. Part 1 deals with the air flow properties in a half-scale car model. In this paper, a trace gas experimental method equipped with Flame Ionization Detector (FID) systems is introduced to examine the local ventilation efficiency and inhaled air quality in the car, which was ventilated at a flow rate of 100 m3/h and kept in an isothermal environment of 28°C in the experiment. Here, ventilation efficiency was evaluated by means of the Scales for Ventilation Efficiencies (SVEs), and inhaled air quality in terms of the influences of passive smoke and foot odor was evaluated by means of the Contribution Ratio of Pollution source 1 (CRP1). Therefore, calculation methods using trace gas concentration values were suggested for these indices, which were proposed based on the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) technique. The experimental method will be validated by comparison with the corresponding CFD simulation results. This indicates that the experimental method is precise enough to predict air quality in a car cabin.