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Flame Quenching Limits of Hydrogen Leaks
ISSN: 1946-3995, e-ISSN: 1946-4002
Published April 14, 2008 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Butler, M., Axelbaum, R., Moran, C., and Sunderland, P., "Flame Quenching Limits of Hydrogen Leaks," SAE Int. J. Passeng. Cars - Mech. Syst. 1(1):605-612, 2009, https://doi.org/10.4271/2008-01-0726.
This study examines the types of hydrogen leaks that can support combustion. Hydrogen, methane, and propane diffusion flames on round burners and leaky compression fittings were observed. Measurements included limits of quenching and blowoff for round burners with diameters of 0.006 - 3.18 mm. The measured mass flow rates at the quenching limits were found to be generally independent of burner diameter at relatively large burner diameters. In terms of mass flow rate, hydrogen had the lowest quenching limit and the highest blowoff limit of the fuels considered, which means that there are high and low flow rates where hydrogen is able to support a flame while methane and propane are not able to. The quenching limits for hydrogen diffusion flames on round burners with thick walls were found to be higher than for thin walls. The limits were also found to be independent of burner orientation; leaks with low flow rates are able to support flames independent of their orientation. The minimum mass flow rate of hydrogen that can support combustion from a leaking compression fitting was found to be 0.028 mg/s. This flow was independent of pressure (up to 131 bar) and about an order of magnitude lower than the corresponding methane and propane flow rates. The implications for fire safety are discussed.
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