This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Side Impact Risk for 7-13 Year Old Children
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published April 14, 2008 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
The purpose of this paper is to assess the vehicle environment that a child occupant, between the ages of seven and thirteen years old, is exposed to in a real world crash. The focus of analysis is on those child occupants that are seated at the struck side in a lateral collision. This study was based on data extracted from the National Automotive Sampling System / Crashworthiness Data System (NASS/CDS) between years 1991-2006.
Analysis was based upon the evaluation of the projected consequence of injury to the child occupants. The societal costs generated as a result of occupant injuries were quantified. The societal cost, or Harm, acts as a measure of consequence of occupant exposure to the vehicle environment, when involved in a collision. The Harm was determined as a function of ΔV, principal direction of force, vehicle extent of damage, the pattern of damage to the vehicle, and the magnitude of intrusion based on the occupant seating position.
The total ΔV at the point of half the Harm is about 25km/h. A total of 72% of the Harm could be associated with intrusion by the struck-side interior. Injuries sustained to the Head account for roughly half of the total Harm.
- Paul Scullion - FHWA/NHTSA National Crash Analysis Center George Washington University
- Richard M. Morgan - FHWA/NHTSA National Crash Analysis Center George Washington University
- Vinay Nagabhushana - FHWA/NHTSA National Crash Analysis Center George Washington University
- Kennerly Digges - FHWA/NHTSA National Crash Analysis Center George Washington University
- Cing-Dao (Steve) Kan - FHWA/NHTSA National Crash Analysis Center George Washington University
- Shinhee Park - Advanced Technology Center Hyundai-Kia Motors
- Hanil Bae - Advanced Technology Center Hyundai-Kia Motors
CitationScullion, P., Morgan, R., Nagabhushana, V., Digges, K. et al., "Side Impact Risk for 7-13 Year Old Children," SAE Technical Paper 2008-01-0192, 2008, https://doi.org/10.4271/2008-01-0192.
- Paine, M. Griffiths, M. Brown, J. Case, M. Johnstone, O. “Protecting Children in Car Crashes: The Australian Experience,” 18th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV) Proceedings Nagoya, Japan May 2003
- Arbogast, K. B. Chen, I. Durbin, D. R. Winston, F. K. “Injury Risks for Children in Child Restraint Systems in Side Impact Crashes,” International IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact October 2004
- Howard, A. Rothman, L. Moses McKeag, A. Pazmino-Canizares, J. Monk, B. Comeau, J. L. Mills, D. Blazeski, S. Hale, I. German, A. “Children in Side-Impact Motor Vehicle Crashes: Seating Positions and Injury Mechanisms,” The Journal of Trauma, Injury, Infection, and Critical Care 56 6 1276 1285 2004
- Starnes, M. “Child Passenger Fatalities and Injuries, Based on Restraint Use, Vehicle Type, Seat Position, and Number of Vehicles in the Crash,” NHTSA Technical Report No. DOT HS 809 784 U.S. Department of Transportation July 2005
- McCray, L. Brewer, J. Paciulan, K. “Protection of Children in the Rear Seat in Real World Crashes,” SAE Industry/Government Meeting Washington, DC May 2006
- October 2003 www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/departments/nrd-50/ciren/networkreport/fore.html
- Arbogast KB Moll EK Morris SD Anderko RL Durbin DR Winston FK “Factors influencing pediatric injury in side impact collisions.” J Trauma 2001 Sep 51 3 469 77
- Malliaris, A. C. Hitchcock, R. Hedlund, J. “A Search for Priorities in Crash Protection,” Society of Automotive Engineers, SAE Paper No. 820242 February 1982
- “Abbreviated Injury Scale - 1990 Revision,” Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine Des Plains, Illinois 1990
- Monash University Accident Research Centre “Feasibility of Occupant Protection Measures,” MUARC, Wellington Road, Clayton Victoria, Australia Report CR 100 June 1992
- Gabler, H. C. Digges, K. Fildes, B. N. Sparke, L. “Side Impact Injury Risk for Belted Far Side Passenger Vehicle Occupants,” SAE World Congress 2005, Paper 2005-01-0287 April 2005
- Blincoe, L. Seay, A. Zaloshnja, E. Miller, T. Romano, E. Luchter, S. Spicer, R. “The Economic Impact of Motor Vehicle Crashes, 2000,” U.S. Department of Transportation Report Number DOT HS 809 446 May 2002
- Miller, T. Zaloshnja, E. Sheppard M “Are Booster Seats Needed: Comparing occupant outcomes Ages 4-7 versus 8-13,” 46 th Annual Proceedings, Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine September 2002
- Miller, T.R. Zaloshnja, E. Lawrence, B.A. Crandall, J. Ivarsson, J. Finkelstein, A.E. “Pedestrian and Pedal cyclist Injury Costs in the United States by Age and Injury Severity,” 48 th Annual Proceedings of the Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine September 2004
- SAE Standard J224 “Collision Deformation Classification,” March 1980
- National Highway Traffic Safety Administration National Center for Statistics and Analysis “National Automotive Sampling System (NASS): Crashworthiness Data System, Analytical User's Manual,” Washington, DC US Department of Transportation 2006
- Samaha, R.S. Elliott D.S. “NHTSA Side Impact Research: Motivation for Upgraded Test Procedures,” 18th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles Conference (ESV) 2003
- Maltese, M.R. Chen, I.G. Arbogast, K.B. “Effect of Increased Rear Row Occupancy on Injury to Seat Belt Restrained Children in Side Impact Crashes” Annual Proceedings of the Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine September 2005 49
- Sherwood, C.P. Ferguson, S.A. Crandall, J.R. “Factors Leading to Crash Fatalities to Children in Child Restraints,” 47 th Annual Proceedings, Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine September 2003