This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Experimental Investigation on Performance and Emission Characteristics of DI Diesel Engine with Hydrogen Fuel
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published January 17, 2007 by The Automotive Research Association of India in India
Annotation ability available
Event: SIAT 2007
The internal combustion engines, have already, become an indispensable and integral part of our present day life style, particularly in the transportation and agricultural sectors. Unfortunately the survival of these engines has, of late, been threatened due to the problems of fuel crisis and environmental pollution. Therefore, to sustain the present growth rate of civilization, a non-depletable, clean fuel must be expeditiously sought. Hydrogen exactly caters to the specified needs. Hydrogen, even though “Renewable” and “clean burning”, does give rise to some undesirable combustion problems in an engine operation, such as backfire, pre-ignition, knocking and rapid rate of pressure rise. The present investigation compares the performance and emission characteristics of a DI diesel engine with gaseous Hydrogen as a fuel inducted by means of Carburation and Timed Port Injection (TPI) techniques along with diesel as a source of ignition. The specific energy consumption, NOx emission and the exhaust gas temperature increased by 6%, 8%, 14% respectively and Brake thermal efficiency and smoke level reduced by 5% and 8% respectively using carburation technique compared to baseline diesel. But in the TPI, the specific energy consumption, exhaust gas temperature and smoke level reduced by 15%, 45% and 18% respectively. The Brake thermal efficiency and NOx increased by 17% and 34% respectively compared to diesel. The emissions such as HC, CO and CO2 are low in both the techniques as compared to diesel.
CitationSaravanan, N., Nagarajan, G., and Narayanasamy, S., "Experimental Investigation on Performance and Emission Characteristics of DI Diesel Engine with Hydrogen Fuel," SAE Technical Paper 2007-26-030, 2007, https://doi.org/10.4271/2007-26-030.
- Haffel, W. “Hydrogen IC Engines Boosting Performance and No x Study” SAE Paper No. 2003-03-0631
- Ganesan, V. “Safety Aspects for the Use of Hydrogen” Summer School of Hydrogen Energy IIT Madras 1984
- Das, L. M. “Hydrogen Engine” Research and Development Programs IIT Delhi International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 953 965 2002
- Caton, J. A. “An Investigation of Cause of Back Fire and its Control Due to Creviced Volumes in a Hydrogen Fueled Engine” Transaction of ASME 123 204 210 2001
- Kim, K. S. “Combustion Characteristics of Intake Port Injection Type Hydrogen Fueled Engine” hydrogen energy 20 217 322 1995
- Rao S. P. “Utilization of Hydrogen in a Dual Fueled Engine” Summer School of Hydrogen Energy IIT Madras 1984
- Siebers, D. L. “Hydrogen Combustion Under Diesel Engine Conditions” Hydrogen Energy 23 363 371 1998
- Swain, N. “Design and Testing of Dedicated Hydrogen- Fueled Engine” SAE Paper No. 961077 1996
- Shudo, T. “Thermal Efficiency Analysis in a Hydrogen Premixed Combustion Engine” JSAE Review 177 182 2000