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Physical Properties of Bio-Diesel and Implications for Use of Bio-Diesel in Diesel Engines
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published October 29, 2007 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
Event: SAE 2007 Commercial Vehicle Engineering Congress & Exhibition Powertrain & Fluid Systems Conference and Exhibition
In this study we identify components of a typical biodiesel fuel and estimate both their individual and mixed thermo-physical and transport properties. We then use the estimated mixture properties in computational simulations to gauge the extent to which combustion is modified when biodiesel is substituted for conventional diesel fuel. Our simulation studies included both conventional diesel combustion (DI) and premixed charge compression ignition (PCCI). Preliminary results indicate that biodiesel ignition is significantly delayed due to slower liquid evaporation, with the effects being more pronounced for DI than PCCI. The lower vapor pressure and higher liquid heat capacity of biodiesel are two key contributors to this slower rate of evaporation. Other physical properties are more similar between the two fuels, and their impacts are not clearly evident in the present study. Future studies of diesel combustion sensitivity to both physical and chemical properties of biodiesel are suggested.
CitationChakravarthy, K., McFarlane, J., Daw, S., Ra, Y. et al., "Physical Properties of Bio-Diesel and Implications for Use of Bio-Diesel in Diesel Engines," SAE Technical Paper 2007-01-4030, 2007, https://doi.org/10.4271/2007-01-4030.
SAE 2007 Transactions Journal of Fuels and Lubricants
Number: V116-4 ; Published: 2008-08-15
Number: V116-4 ; Published: 2008-08-15
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