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Design and Performance of the Sorbent-Based Atmosphere Revitalization System for Orion
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published July 09, 2007 by SAE International in United States
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Validation and simulations of a real-time dynamic cabin model were conducted on the sorbent-based atmosphere revitalization system for Orion. The dynamic cabin model, which updates the concentration of H2O and CO2 every second during the simulation, was able to predict the steady state model values for H2O and CO2 for long periods of steady metabolic production for a 4-person crew. It also showed similar trends for the exercise periods, where there were quick changes in production rates. Once validated, the cabin model was used to determine the effects of feed flow rate, cabin volume and column volume. A higher feed flow rate reduced the cabin concentrations only slightly over the base case, a larger cabin volume was able to reduce the cabin concentrations even further, and the lower column volume led to much higher cabin concentrations. Finally, the cabin model was used to determine the effect of the amount of silica gel in the column. As the amount increased, the cabin concentration of H2O decreased, but the cabin concentration of CO2 increased.
CitationRitter, J., Reynolds, S., Ebner, A., Knox, J. et al., "Design and Performance of the Sorbent-Based Atmosphere Revitalization System for Orion," SAE Technical Paper 2007-01-3070, 2007, https://doi.org/10.4271/2007-01-3070.
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