This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Characterization of Particulates with Different Blends of Bio-Fuels in Light Commercial Vehicle
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published October 23, 2005 by The Automotive Research Association of India in India
Annotation ability available
Event: International Mobility Engineering Congress & Exposition 2005 - SAE India Technology for Emerging Markets
This paper covers the test work done on the comparative characterization of particulates using different blends of biofuels (like biodiesel and ethanol in diesel fuel) in light commercial vehicle under different operating conditions. The test vehicle selected was equipped with Direct Injection (DI) diesel engine with inline fuel injection pump. Under transient operating condition (Indian Driving Cycle), the results indicate that with increased percentage of biodiesel (upto 20%) in the blend, particulate concentration decreases. However, with 5% ethanol diesel blend, particulate concentration increases when compared with neat diesel as well as biodiesel blends while mass concentrations are lower with both the biofuels as compared to neat diesel. It is observed that the nanoparticles are higher with 5% ethanol diesel in IDC test mode. From the results of this work, it is observed that amongst the biofuels i.e. ethanol and biodiesel, biodiesel is a synergistic blending component for diesel for reducing mass and number of nanoparticles in DI engine powered vehicle.
CitationSubramanian, M., Muralidharan, M., Kanal, P., and Malhotra, R., "Characterization of Particulates with Different Blends of Bio-Fuels in Light Commercial Vehicle," SAE Technical Paper 2005-26-357, 2005, https://doi.org/10.4271/2005-26-357.
- Aust Ann E, et al, “Particle Characteristics Responsible for Effects on Human Lung Epithelial Cells”, Research Report, Health Effects Institute, Number 110, Dec. 2002.
- The Science of Health Impacts of Particulate Matter, South Asia Urban Air Quality Management Briefing Note No. 13, THE WORLD BANK Urban Air Pollution.
- Part 1: Science Assessment Document, National Ambient Air Quality Objectives For Particulate Matter, A report by the CEPA/FPAC Working Group on Air Quality Objectives and Guidelines, 1998.
- Cheng A. S. (Ed), et al, “The Effect of Oxygenate in Diesel Engine Particulate Matter”, SAE Paper No. 2002-01-1705.
- Schaberg Paul W, et al, “Exhaust Particle Number and Size Distribution with Conventional and Fischer-Tropsch Diesel Fuels”, SAE Paper No. 2002-01-2727.
- Bagley Susan T., et al, “Impact of Low-emission Diesel Engines on Underground Mine Air Quality”, 8th Mining Diesel Emissions Conference (MDEC), Oct. 2002, Canada.
- Kittelson David B., et al, “Diesel Exhaust Particle Measurement Instruments”, Supplemental Report No. 1, EPA Grant Review Of Diesel Particulate Matter Sampling Methods, July 1998.
- ELPI, User Manual, Dekati Ltd., 2001
- Lapuerta Magin, et al, “Fuel Formulation Effects on Passenger Car Diesel Engine Particulate Emissions and Composition”, SAE Technical Paper No. 2000-01-1850.