This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Shoulder Injury and Response Due to Lateral Glenohumeral Joint Impact: An Analysis of Combined Data
Published November 09, 2005 by The Stapp Association in United States
Annotation ability available
To date, several lateral impact studies (Bolte et al., 2000, 2003, Marth, 2002 and Compigne et al., 2004) have been performed on the shoulder to determine the response characteristics and injury threshold of the shoulder complex. Our understanding of the biomechanical response and injury tolerance of the shoulder would be improved if the results of these tests were combined. From a larger data base shoulder injury tolerance criteria can be developed as well as corridors for side impact dummies. Data from the study by Marth (2002, 12 tests) was combined with data from the previous studies. Twenty-two low speed tests (4.5 ± 0.7 m/s) and 9 high speed tests (6.7 ± 0.7 m/s) were selected from the combined data for developing corridors. Shoulder force, deflection and T1y acceleration corridors were developed using a minimization of cumulative variance technique. The reduction in impact speed and the addition of padding reduced the magnitude and increased the time to peak of shoulder forces and T1y accelerations. Logistic analyses were performed on the combined data sets to determine the best predictors of MAIS-2 shoulder injuries. Maximum normalized shoulder deflection and Cmax had p values of 0.0000 and were the best predictors of shoulder injuries. For the 50th-percentile male, a shoulder deflection of 40 mm and a Cmax of 20% corresponded to a 50 % risk of MAIS-2 shoulder injury. In linear regression analysis, maximum normalized medial scapula × acceleration and maximum normalized sternum × acceleration were best related with the shoulder deflection and confirmed the forward movement of the sternum and rearward movement of the scapula.
CitationKoh, S., Cavanaugh, J., Mason, M., Petersen, S. et al., "Shoulder Injury and Response Due to Lateral Glenohumeral Joint Impact: An Analysis of Combined Data," SAE Technical Paper 2005-22-0014, 2005, https://doi.org/10.4271/2005-22-0014.
- Bolte JH Hines MH McFadden JD Saul RA 2000 Shoulder Response Characteristics and Injury Due to Lateral Glenohumeral Joint Impacts 44 th Stapp Car Crash Journal, 2000-01-SC18
- Bolte JH Hines MH Herriot RG 2003 Shoulder Impact Response and Injury Due to Lateral and Oblique Loading 47 th Stapp Car Crash Journal, 2003-22-0003
- Cavanaugh JM Zhu Y Huang Y King AI 1993 Injury and Response of the Thorax in Side Impact Cadaveric Tests 37 th Stapp Car Crash Journal, 933127
- Compigne S Caire Y Quesnel T Verries JP 2004 Non-Injurious and Injurious Impact Response of the Human Shoulder Three-Dimensional Analysis of Kinematics and Determination of Injury Threshold 48 th Stapp Car Crash Journal, 2004-22-0005
- Hsu TP Nusholtz GS 2005 Considerations of Bio-fidelity Corridors for Lateral Impacts SAE Technical Paper No. 2005-01-0308
- Huang Y King IA Cavanaugh JM 1994 A MADYMO Model of Near Side Human Occupants in Side Impact Journal of Biomechanical Eng. ASME 116
- Irwin A Cavanaugh JM 1993 Displacement Responses of the Shoulder and Thorax in Lateral Sled Impact 37th Stapp Car Crash Journal, 933124
- 1999 Road Vehicles-Lateral Impact Response Requirements to Assess the Biofidelity of the Dummy International Standard Organization
- Koh SW Cavanaugh JM Zhu J 2001 Injury and Response of the Shoulder in Lateral Sled Tests 45th Stapp Car Crash Journal, 2001-01-S49
- Koh SW Cavanaugh JM Leach JP Rouhana SW 2004 Mechanical Properties of the Shoulder Ligaments under Dynamic Loading 48th Stapp Car Crash Journal, 2004-22-0006
- Lobdell TE Kroell CK Schneider DC Hering WE 1973 Impact Response of the Human Thorax in Human Impact Response 210 245 . Plenum Press NewYork, NY
- Maltese MR Eppinger RH Rhule HH Donnelly BR 2002 Response Corridors of Human Surrogates in Lateral Impacts 46th Stapp Car Crash Journal, 2002-22-0017
- Marth D. 2002 Biomechanics of the Shoulder in Lateral Impact Ph.D Thesis Wayne State University Detroit, MI
- Morgan RM Marcus JH Eppinger RH 1986 Side Impact – The Biofidelity of NHTSA’s proposed ATD and Efficacy of TTI 13th Stapp Car Crash Journal, 861877
- Nordqvist A Petersson CJ 1995 Incidence and cause of shoulder girdle injuries in an urban population J Shoulder Elbow Surg 4 2 107 12
- Schneider LW, Robbins DH, Pflug MA Snyder RG 1983 Development of Anthropometrically Based Design Specifications for an Advanced Adult Anthropomorphic Dummy 1
- Viano DC 1989 Biomechanical Responses and Injuries in Blunt Lateral Impact 33rd Stapp Car Crash Journal. 892432