This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
FEA simulations to predict the mechanical resistance of injection weld lines on a vehicle radiator plastic water tank
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published November 22, 2005 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
Vehicle radiators water tanks must withstand high pressure and temperature loads when in use. In most applications, they are made out of plastic material, usually Polyamide 66, filled with glass fiber to increase the stiffness, and molded by injection. However, in many cases, their geometry complexity can not prevent different plastic material flow fronts from meeting in different regions during the mold cavity filling process, hence creating weld lines. Since regions presenting weld lines tend to have weaker mechanical resistance, their precise location become of primary interest and require more attention, so that their response to the mechanical stress resulting from the radiator normal load conditions can be studied.
In such cases, in order to optimize the product development process, to avoid early failures about the weld lines regions and to reduce the final validation time, computational simulation tools are used during the product concept and design phase.
This paper presents a two step process: First, the user predicts the location of the weld lines by using a plastic injection simulation package. Once their locations are known, weld line resistance, previously validated through radiator experimental tests, is used as an input for a structural FEA package.
Finally, results obtained using this method are presented and compared to stress-strain curves values derived from special tensile samples.
CitationBenevides, R., "FEA simulations to predict the mechanical resistance of injection weld lines on a vehicle radiator plastic water tank," SAE Technical Paper 2005-01-4123, 2005, https://doi.org/10.4271/2005-01-4123.
- HARPER, Charles A. Modern Plastics Handbook McGraw-Hill 2000
- MALLOY, Robert A. Plastic Part Design for Injection Molding Hanser/Gardner Publications 1994
- SELDÉN, R. Effect of Processing on Weld Line Strength in Five Thermoplastics Polymer Engineering And Science January 1997 37 1
- FILHO, Avelino Alves 2002