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The Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles: A New Approach to Helping Countries Achieve Environmental Sustainability in The Transportation Sector
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published April 11, 2005 by SAE International in United States
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Many developing countries experience serious air pollution, especially in their urban centers, and emission sources often include the transportation sector. Several countries still use leaded gasoline and/or high sulfur fuels, which impair vehicle emission controls or prevent their use. The Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles (PCFV) was created at the United Nations to help developing countries eliminate lead in gasoline, phase down fuel sulfur and concurrently introduce cleaner vehicles as a way to reduce emissions. The PCFV was launched at the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) in September 2002 as a public-private collaborative effort designed to help developing countries achieve greater progress towards their air quality goals. The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) hosts the partnership Clearinghouse, and its partners consist of governments, industry, international organizations, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs).
This paper will describe the PCFV approach to helping developing countries advance their policy objectives on cleaner fuels and vehicles. The paper will highlight the critical role and contributions of the auto and oil industries and their respective trade associations. The trade associations, in particular, will be shown to be instrumental to the functioning of such a partnership by facilitating and enabling their members' involvement. While not generally considered public policy experts, industry partners are enabling the transfer of technical knowledge and practical insights into the development of effective public policy strategies, which can mean the difference between success and failure for such initiatives while maximizing the use of available resources.
CitationLev-On, M., Shapiro, E., and Cox, R., "The Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles: A New Approach to Helping Countries Achieve Environmental Sustainability in The Transportation Sector," SAE Technical Paper 2005-01-0538, 2005, https://doi.org/10.4271/2005-01-0538.
SAE 2005 Transactions Journal of Fuels and Lubricants
Number: V114-4; Published: 2006-02-01
Number: V114-4; Published: 2006-02-01
- World Health Organization Global estimates of burden of disease caused by the environment and occupational risks 2002 http://www.who.int/quantifying_ehimpacts/global/en /Type any references over these paragraphs.
- Gorham, R. Air Pollution from Ground Transportation: An Assessment of Causes, Strategies and Tactics, and Proposed Actions for the International Community United Nations Division for Sustainable Development, Department of Economic and Social Affairs 2002
- World Summit on Sustainable Development, Johannesburg Plan of Implementation September 2002 http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/index.html
- UN General Assembly, Activities undertaken in implementation of Agenda 21, the Programme for the Implementation of Agenda 21 and the outcomes of the World Summit on Sustainable Development, Resolution 58/210 December 2003
- UN Commission on Sustainable Development, Partnerships for Sustainable Development database http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/partnerships/partnerships.htm
- UN Environmental Programme (UNEP), Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles Clearinghouse
- PCFV, Eliminating Lead from Gasoline: Report on Valve Seat Recession VSR Working Group May 2004
- Nairobi, Ministerial Conference on the Progress to Remove Lead for Gasoline in Sub-Sahara Africa May 2004
- US EPA, Mexico City Diesel Retrofit Project