This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Progress in Diesel HCCI Combustion Within the European SPACE LIGHT Project
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published June 08, 2004 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
The purpose of the European « SPACE LIGHT » (Whole SPACE combustion for LIGHT duty diesel vehicles) 3-year project launched in 2001 is to research and develop an innovative Homogeneous internal mixture Charged Compression Ignition (HCCI) for passenger cars diesel engine where the combustion process can take place simultaneously in the whole SPACE of the combustion chamber while providing almost no NOx and particulates emissions.
This paper presents the whole project with the main R&D tasks necessary to comply with the industrial and technical objectives of the project. The research approach adopted is briefly described. It is then followed by a detailed description of the most recent progress achieved during the tasks recently undertaken.
The methodology adopted starts from the research study of the in-cylinder combustion specifications necessary to achieve HCCI combustion from experimental single cylinder engines testing in premixed charged conditions. With such information collected, 1D CFD calculations are then used to evaluate the potential of different ways and concepts to provide the in-cylinder global conditions favourable to this combustion mode. Associated 3D CFD calculations complete these results by providing information about the potential of these concepts to achieve the specified local conditions inside the combustion chamber.
Supported by all these calculations, by some optical diagnostics in transparent engines, by visualisation and detailed characterisation of the sprays of the new injection system developed, the design process of the most promising HCCI engine concept selected has been undertaken. It is based on a unique combination of flexible variable valve actuation technology, advanced injection system with “SPACE” spray pattern, air and EGR charging and mixing strategies,… The corresponding hardware has been manufactured and integrated in prototype single-cylinder engines.
The most recent engine tests results achieved with the SPACE LIGHT diesel HCCI concept are presented and discussed. They already show impressive reduction of NOx and particulates as expected compared to conventional diesel combustion. The most interesting aspect is that the high efficiency of the best state of the art diesel conventional combustion can be maintained. It opens a promising way to future powertrain engines mixing the highest efficiency of the diesel engines with the near zero emission capability of the gasoline engine.
- Fritz Spinnler - CRT
- Matteo Perotti - Politecnico di Milano
- Lucio Araneo - Politecnico di Milano
- Pierre Duret - IFP
- Bertrand Gatellier - IFP
- Luis Monteiro - IFP
- Marjorie Miche - IFP
- Damien Maroteaux - Renault
- Jacky Guezet - Renault
- David Blundell - Lotus Engineering
- Hua Zhao - Brunel University
- Peter Zima - Opel
CitationDuret, P., Gatellier, B., Monteiro, L., Miche, M. et al., "Progress in Diesel HCCI Combustion Within the European SPACE LIGHT Project," SAE Technical Paper 2004-01-1904, 2004, https://doi.org/10.4271/2004-01-1904.
SAE 2004 Transactions Journal of Fuels and Lubricants
Number: V113-4; Published: 2005-07-05
Number: V113-4; Published: 2005-07-05
- Hasegawa R. Yanagihara H. “HCCI Combustion in DI Diesel Engine” SAE 2003-01-0745
- Shimazaki N. Tsurushima T. Nishimura T. “Dual Mode Combustion Concept with Premixed Diesel Combustion by Direct Injection Near Top Dead Center” SAE 2003-01-0742
- Duret P. “Gasoline CAI and Diesel HCCI: the Way towards Zero Emission with Major Engine and Fuel Technology Challenges” SAE 2002-32-1787
- Gatellier B. Walter B. Miche M. “New Diesel Combustion Process to Achieve Near Zero NOx and Particulates Emissions” A New Generation of Engine Combustion Processes for the Future?” IFP International Congress Ed. Technip Nov. 2001
- Oakley, A. Zhao, H. Ma, T. Ladommatos, N. “Experimental Studies on the Controlled Auto-Ignition (CAI) Combustion of Gasoline in a 4-stroke Engine” SAE Paper 2001-01-1030 Diesel and HCCI Combustion Processes 0-7680-0727-5 2001
- Besson N. Hilaire N. Lahjaily H. Gastaldi P. “Diesel HCCI Combustion Study at Full Load using CFD and Design of Experiment” JSAE 20030336 / SAE 2003-01-1858
- Duret P. Gatellier B. Miche M. Monteiro L. Zima P. Maroteaux D. Blundell D. Ganser M. Zhao H. Perotti M. Araneo L. “Innovative diesel HCCI combustion process for passenger cars: the European SPACE LIGHT project” EAEC Congress June 17 2003 Paris
- Duret P. Lavy J. “Process for controlling self-ignition in a 4-stroke engine”
- Allen J. Law D. “Production Electro-Hydraulic Variable Valve-Train for a new Generation of I.C. Engines” SAE 2002-01-1109
- Montagne X. Duret P. “What Will Be the Future Combustion and Fuel-Related Technology Challenges?” IFP International Congress Ed. Technip Nov. 2001
- Steiger W. “Volkswagen Strategy to High Efficient Powertrains” 22th International Vienna motor Symposium 26-27 April 2001
- Ryan T.W. Matheaus A. “Fuels Requirements for HCCI Engine Operation” JSAE 20030353 / SAE 2003-01-1813
- Jeuland N. Montagne X. Duret P. “Engine and Fuel Related Issues of Gasoline CAI (Controlled Auto-Ignition) Combustion JSAE 20030349 / SAE 2003-01-1856