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Impacts of Recent Korean NCAP Programs in Automotive Safety
Published May 19, 2003 by National Highway Traffic Safety Administration in United States
In 1999 Korean government established the Korean New car Assessment Program after 3 years research works. KNCAP test protocol and evaluation methods are similar to USA NCAP. At the beginning year, small numbers of new domestic vehicle were introduced in the market, the KNCAP committee decided selection of test vehicle by same category of cars. The test results directly affected both consumers and manufacturers due to the same class vehicle comparisons. First year only 3 compact size vehicles were tested. But year by year the test volume was increased. Up to now total 24 vehicles tested.
During the programs, it has been noticed that the significant improvements of occupant safety performances and adoptions of advanced safety devices such as a driver's seat airbag systems, pretensioned seat belts and load-limiters in belts. As the KNCAP tests, driver's seat injury values improved up to 32% in the compact and sub-mid-size class cars. Passenger's seat occupant was improved 7.3% in terms of combined head and chest injury probabilities.
This paper reviews the performances of these crashes tested by KNCAP protocol. Currently, KNCAP evaluates the new cars only a full-frontal barrier test and braking test. However, this year European side impact test with 55 kph impact speed. In the near future, KNCAP will be expanded to offset barrier test, pedestrian test and child restraint system test.
- Younghan Youn - Korea University of Technology and Education
- Gyuhyun Kim - Korea Automotive Testing and Research Institute
- Geejoong Yong - Korea Automotive Testing and Research Institute
- Insik Kwon - Ministry of Construction and Transportation
- Jaehong Lee - Ministry of Construction and Transportation