This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Cost Competitiveness of Fuel Cell Vehicles Through Novel Hybridization Approaches
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published March 03, 2003 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
A combination of fuel cells with internal combustion engines (FC/ICE hybrids) for light duty vehicle propulsion has the potential to offer significant benefits over conventional battery electric hybrid architectures. Specifically, compared to conventional battery / ICE hybrids the FC/ICE hybrid concept may offer improvements in vehicle utility, performance, and emissions. Furthermore, the FC/ICE hybrid can be implemented at a substantially lower cost than that associated with full fuel cell vehicles (FCVs).
Numerous studies have indicated significant emission and energy efficiency benefits from FCVs, especially those based on proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). However, recent more detailed studies indicate that achieving competitiveness with IC engine-based powertrains, especially with respect to cost, would require significant additional improvements in fundamental PEMFC technology. The power density of IC engine powertrains, especially high-powered ones, also would be hard to match for full fuel cell powertrains.
Still, the promise of energy efficiency and emissions benefits that fuel cells offer may be difficult to match with advanced engine technology, especially in city traffic. Thus, we believe it is time to consider integrating fuel cells with engines, rather than hybridizing either with batteries. In fact, recent TIAX analysis suggests that much of the emissions and efficiency benefits promised by “conventional” FCVs could be achieved with FC/ICE hybrids, at a much lower cost and technical risk.
Preliminary analysis conducted by TIAX indicate that such novel FC/ICE hybrids could cut fuel consumption of high-end light-duty vehicles such as full-size SUVs in half, while potentially providing significant emissions benefits as well. The cost for achieving this is estimated at about $4,100 to the manufactured vehicle cost.
CitationThijssen, J., Mello, J., and Linna, J., "Cost Competitiveness of Fuel Cell Vehicles Through Novel Hybridization Approaches," SAE Technical Paper 2003-01-0809, 2003, https://doi.org/10.4271/2003-01-0809.
Fuel Cell Power for Transportation from the SAE 2003 World Congress on CD-ROM
Number: SP-1741CD; Published: 2003-03-03
Number: SP-1741CD; Published: 2003-03-03
- Zizelman, J. Shaffer S. Mukerjee S. Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Auxiliary Power Unit - A Development Update SAE 2002 World Congress 2002 Detroit, MI, USA
- Crosbie, G.M. et al Solid Oxide Fuel Cells for Direct Oxidation of Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuels in Automotive Auxiliary Power Units: Sulfur Tolerance and Operation on Gasoline SAE 2002 World Congress 2002 Detroit, MI USA
- Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy Trends 1975 Through 2000 2000 EPA
- Future Powertrain Technologies, the Next Generation DRI-WEFA and TIAX December 2001
- AuYeung, F. Heywood, J.B. Schafer, A. “Future light-duty vehicles: predicting their fuel consumption and carbon reduction potential,” SAE Paper No. 2001-01-1081 2001
- Le, K.-C. et al Hyundai Santa Fe Fcv Powered By Hydrogen Fuel Cell Power Plant Operating Near Ambient Pressure SAE 2002 World Congress 2002 Detroit, MI, USA SAE
- Michalak, F. Beretta J. Lisse J.-P. The Hydro-Gen Project: 2nd-Generation Pem Fuel Cell System With High Pressure Hydrogen Tanks for An Electric Vehicle SAE 2002 World Congress 2002 Detroit, MI, US: USA
- Matsumoto, T. et al. Development of Fuel-Cell Hybrid Vehicle SAE 2002 World Congress 2002 Detroit, MI USA SAE
- Okuda, H. Chairman's Message Toyota Motor Company 2002 Toyota: Tokyo
- Honda Honda Unveils the Prototype of its FCX Fuel Cell Vehicle, Planned for Commercial Release This Year 2002 Tokyo
- DaimlerChrysler The Fuel Cell on Its Way to the Customer: “F-Cell” The World's First Fleet of Fuel-cell-Powered Cars Enters the Practical Test Stage, 2002 DaimlerChrysler
- Thijssen, J.L., Steve Unnasch, Steffan Fuel Choice for Fuel Cell Vehicles 2002 US Department of Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Advanced Transportation Technology Washington DC
- Carlson, E.J. et al Cost Modelling of Pem Fuel Cell Systems for Automobiles Future Car Congress 2002 Arlington, VA
- Amann, C. A. “The stretch for better passenger-car fuel economy,” SAE 972658
- Read, C.J. Thijssen J.H.J.S. Thijssen Carlson E.J. Fuel Cell Auxiliary Power Systems:Design and Cost Implications SAE 2001 World Congress 2001 Detroit, MI
- Arthur D. Little, Inc. Comparing the Benefits and Impacts of Hybrid Electric Vehicle Options 2001 EPRI Palo Alto