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USCAR Traction Test Methodology for Traction-CVT Fluids
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published October 21, 2002 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
A traction test machine, developed for evaluation of traction-CVT fluids for the automotive consortium, USCAR, provides precision traction measurements to stresses up to 4 GPa. The high stress machine, WAMhs, provides an elliptical contact between AISI 52100 steel roller and disc specimens. Machine stiffness and positioning technology offer precision control of linear slip, sideslip and spin. A USCAR traction test methodology includes entrainment velocities from 2 to 10 m/sec and temperatures from -20°C to 140°C. The purpose of the USCAR machine and test methodology is to encourage traction fluid development and to establish a common testing approach for fluid qualification. The machine utilizes custom software, which provides flexibility to conduct comprehensive traction fluid evaluations. The traction characterization of three reference fluids covering a matrix of 90 test conditions shows the sensitivity of traction coefficient to stress, temperature, surface speed, spin and fluid type. The database with the three reference fluids provides a benchmark for future fluid development.
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- L. D. Wedeven - Wedeven Associates, Inc.
- G. G. Wedeven - Wedeven Associates, Inc.
- S. H. Kratz - Wedeven Associates, Inc.
- T. E. King - DaimlerChrysler Corporation
- J. L. Linden - General Motors Research and Development
- F. Caracciolo - General Motors Research and Development
- D. G. McWatt - Ford Research Laboratory
CitationWedeven, L., Wedeven, G., Kratz, S., King, T. et al., "USCAR Traction Test Methodology for Traction-CVT Fluids," SAE Technical Paper 2002-01-2820, 2002, https://doi.org/10.4271/2002-01-2820.
SAE 2002 Transactions Journal of Fuels and Lubricants
Number: V111-4; Published: 2003-09-15
Number: V111-4; Published: 2003-09-15
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