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Optimizing Biology Research Tasks in Space Using Human Performance Modeling and Virtual Reality Simulation Systems Here on Earth
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published July 15, 2002 by SAE International in United States
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A new method, combining virtual environment simulation technologies with unique human performance modeling software is being used to design, test and evaluate procedures for future biology experiments aboard the International Space Station (ISS). The Man Machine Integration Design and Analysis System (MIDAS) simulates human performance through seven underlying architectural components. The models interact producing results such as astronaut work load and experiment success rates given environmental inputs and timing constraints. Graphical models of biology research equipment and samples are provided by the Virtual Glovebox (VGX), a state-of-the-art simulation system mimicking the real Space Station systems. Human-in-the-loop experiment simulation using the VGX also enables validation of human-environment interactions predicted by MIDAS. This combination of human-in-the-loop (VGX) and human-out-of-the-loop (MIDAS) simulation presents a novel and extensible method for developing procedures which are optimized for the unique space environment, equipment and timing constraints faced by astronauts. This research demonstrates optimized procedural specifications predicted by the MIDAS software.
- Jeffrey D. Smith - Gravitational Biology Research Branch, NASA Ames Research Center
- Brian F. Gore - SJSU/NASA Ames Research Center, Human Factors Research and Technology Division
- K. Michael Dalal - Raytheon STX Corporation
- Richard Boyle - Gravitational Biology Research Branch, NASA Ames Research Center
CitationSmith, J., Gore, B., Dalal, K., and Boyle, R., "Optimizing Biology Research Tasks in Space Using Human Performance Modeling and Virtual Reality Simulation Systems Here on Earth," SAE Technical Paper 2002-01-2500, 2002, https://doi.org/10.4271/2002-01-2500.
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