This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
The Removal of Carbon Monoxide by Botanical Systems
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published July 15, 2002 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
Carbon monoxide is a major indoor contaminant responsible for over 1000 deaths a year in North America. Sealed environments such as buildings are particularly at risk for this contaminant. Studies in the 1970's and 80's determined that green plants are capable of fixing carbon monoxide through both the light and dark reactions of photosynthesis. Common bacteria oxidize carbon monoxide, utilizing the enzyme carbon monoxide dehydrogenase. Therefore, controlling carbon monoxide levels through botanical and microbial systems may have merit. Preliminary studies have indicated that moss based systems remove significant amounts of the contaminant from a recirculating air stream.
CitationMunz, G., Dixon, M., and Darlington, A., "The Removal of Carbon Monoxide by Botanical Systems," SAE Technical Paper 2002-01-2265, 2002, https://doi.org/10.4271/2002-01-2265.
- Anon. “Environmental Health Criteria 14. Carbon Monoxide” Published jointly by the United Nations Environment Programme and the World Health Organization, 1979
- Asakawa Y, (1990) Terpenoids and Aromatic Compounds with Pharmacological Activity. In Zinsmeister HD, and Mues R ed, Bryophytes, Their Chemistry and Chemical Taxonomy. Oxford University Press, New York, USA, pp 369-410
- Bidwell RGS, and Fraser DE. (1972) Carbon monoxide uptake and metabolism by leaves. Canadian Journal of Botany, 50. 1435-1439
- “Farm Safety - Carbon Monoxide” Cooperative Extension, University of California, Davis, Department of Biological & Agricultural Engineering, for the National Ag Safety Database found at http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/nasd/docs6/ca98030.html
- Darlington AB, Dat J, Dixon MA. (2001) The Biofiltration of Indoor Air: Air Flux and Temperature Influences the Removal of Toluene, Ethlybenzene and Xylene. Environmental Science & Technology, 35(1). 240-246
- Llewellyn D, Darlington A, Dixon M, Mallany J. (2000) The Biofiltration of Indoor Air I: A Novel Reactor For a Novel Waste Gas Stream. Proceedings of the USC-TRG Conference on Biofiltration, pp 255-263
- “Carbon Monoxide” NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods (NMAM), Fourth Edition, 5/15/96
- “Indoor Environmental Quality” NIOSH (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health) information sheet June 1997 found at http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ieqfs.html
- Peiser GD, Lizada CC, Yang SF. (1982) Dark Metabolism of Carbon Monoxide in Lettuce Leaf Discs. Plant Physiology, vol 70 pp 397-400
- Spratt HG Jr, Hubbard JS. (1981) Carbon Monoxide Metabolism in Roadside Soils. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, May 1981 pp 1192-1201
- Wani AH, Branion MRB, Lau Ak. (1997) Biofiltration: A Promising and Cost-Effective Control Technology for Odors, VOCs and Air Toxics. Journal of Environmental Science & Health A32(7): 2027-2055
- Williams E, Colby J, Lyons CM, Bell J. (1986) The Bacterial Utilization of Synthetic Gases Containing Carbon Monoxide. In Russell GE ed, Biotechnology & Genetic Engineering Reviews, Vol 4. Intercept Ltd., Ponteland, England, pp 169-211
- Wright G, Randell P, Shephard R. (1973) Carbon Monoxide and Driving Skills, Archives of Environmental Health, vol27 pp 349-354