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Ambulance crashworthiness and occupant dynamics in vehicle-to-vehicle crash tests: Preliminary report
Published June 04, 2001 by National Highway Traffic Safety Administration in United States
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There are no dynamic safety testing standards specifically for ambulance vehicles in the USA. These vehicles have also been identified to have high crash injury and fatality rates per mile, with a majority of the fatalities involving either an intersection or a frontal crash. This study is an interim report on work in progress which demonstrates occupant safety and crashworthiness of ambulance vehicles in vehicle to vehicle intersection type crash tests. The ambulance vehicles were configured with instrumented ATDs to represent 95th percentile male, 5th percentile female and 3 year child occupants. A ‘real world’ configuration of these ATDs and some medical equipment was established for a frontal and side impact crash test. The findings demonstrated life threatening safety hazards for all occupants. Also measured crash pulses for both the vehicle and the interior components were obtained. The urgent need for improvements to ambulance crash safety standards and designs are discussed.
- Bruce Richard Donnelly - United States, Center for Transportation Injury Research
- Alan Blatt - United States, Center for Transportation Injury Research
- George Gillespie - Crew Systems, Naval Air Warfare Center, Patuxent River
- Mike Schultze - Crew Systems, Naval Air Warfare Center, Patuxent River
- Nadine Robyn Levick - United States, Columbia University
CitationLevick, N., Donnelly, B., Blatt, A., Gillespie, G. et al., "Ambulance crashworthiness and occupant dynamics in vehicle-to-vehicle crash tests: Preliminary report," SAE Technical Paper 2001-06-0012, 2001.
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