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Dimethoxy Methane in Diesel Fuel: Part 3. The Effect of Pilot Injection, Fuels and Engine Operating Modes on Emissions of Toxic Air Pollutants and Gas/Solid Phase PAH
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published September 24, 2001 by SAE International in United States
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The objective of this study was to quantify the effect of pilot fuel injection on engine-out emissions of potentially toxic compounds from a modern diesel engine operated with different fuels including 15% v/v dimethoxy methane in a low-sulfur diesel fuel. Five diesel fuels were examined: a low-sulfur (∼1 ppm), low aromatic, hydrocracked fuel, the same low-sulfur fuel containing 15% v/v dimethoxy methane, a Fischer-Tropsch fuel, a California reformulated fuel, and a EPA number 2 certification fuel. A DaimlerChrysler OM611 CIDI engine was controlled with a SwRI Rapid Prototyping Electronic Control system. The pilot fuel injection was either turned off or turned on with engine control by either Location of Peak Pressure (LPP) of combustion or the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) calibration strategy. These three control strategies were compared over 2 speed-load modes run in triplicate. Thirty-three potentially toxic compounds were measured. In general, either pilot fuel injection strategy (LPP or OEM) produced higher emissions than with pilot injection turned off.
- James C. Ball - Ford Motor Co.
- Charles Lapin - Lapin Associates
- Janet Buckingham - Southwest Research Institute
- Edwin Frame - Southwest Research Institute
- Doug Yost - Southwest Research Institute
- John Garbak - U. S. Department of Energy
- A. Manuel - PDVSA Intevep.
- D. González - PDVSA Intevep.
- Eleanor Liney - Equilon Enterprises
- Mani Natarajan - Marathon Ashland Petroleum Co.
- James P. Wallace - Wallace Associates, LLC
CitationBall, J., Lapin, C., Buckingham, J., Frame, E. et al., "Dimethoxy Methane in Diesel Fuel: Part 3. The Effect of Pilot Injection, Fuels and Engine Operating Modes on Emissions of Toxic Air Pollutants and Gas/Solid Phase PAH," SAE Technical Paper 2001-01-3630, 2001, https://doi.org/10.4271/2001-01-3630.
SAE 2001 Transactions Journal of Fuels and Lubricants
Number: V110-4 ; Published: 2002-09-15
Number: V110-4 ; Published: 2002-09-15
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