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Mars Habitat Studies 2001
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published July 09, 2001 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
This paper presents the work done by architecture students at the Institute for Architecture and Product Design at the University of Technology in Munich. The design studio based its studies on the M.A.R.S Mars Arctic Research Station on Devon Island by the Mars Society and the „Tuna Can“-Concept of the Mars Reference Mission by NASA. Main subjects of investigation were the greenhouse, the entrance/airlock situation, the work level and the living level. On the living level studies for the kitchen, hygiene facilities and the Crew Quarters have been done. The paper will explain the underlying design ideas and the students work will be illustrated by many drawings and model photographs.
CitationVogler, A., "Mars Habitat Studies 2001," SAE Technical Paper 2001-01-2170, 2001, https://doi.org/10.4271/2001-01-2170.
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- We are aware of the problem created by this decision. The architectural part of the Mars Reference Mission still needs a lot of work. Contributions do come from mission planners, cost managers, rocket engineers, life support engineers etc. They all influence the geometrical data of the habitat, even before human needs for space a clearly defined. 90 m3 of pressurized volume per crew member are anticipated for a crew of six, given the current dimension only 260 m3 maximum are available. We as architects should provide our ‘data’ in cubic meter private space needed per astronaut per day mission etc. For that we need to start testing designs and closely collaborate with a interdisciplinary planning team. For this study program we decided to test, if an acceptable habitability can be reached within this high restrictions. The missing of test datas, which do have to be gained with a mock-up, do not suggest our proposal as solution, but rather as a contribution to a possible design discussion in that field.
- This option should be considered more carefully in terms of complexity and use of space, before dimension are fixed for mass budget reasons.
- The light could act as social filter or illusionary barrier as described in Harrison, Albert A., Sommer R., Struthers, N., Hoyt, K. ‘Implications of Privacy Needs and Interpersonal Distancing Mechanisms for Space Station Design’, p24, NASA CR-1775000, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffet Field, CA, 1988 as well as active environment to counteract boredom and even depression observed in confinement.
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- Extreme care has to be taken not to end up in a compromise and blur the legibility of the interior. The study of Dirlewanger, Geisler, Magnago, ‘Gemütlichkeit im Schulbau’ (comfort in school buildings), University of Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 1975, indicate a strong loss of perception of comfort in the zone between highly perfect interior and less perfect interior. A zone which is often reached by cost reduction decisions in a later phase of a project.
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- It was a very interesting effect to observe how all the architect students had extreme difficulties to deal with the minimal scale of the spaces, until they started to build a rough full-scale mock-up of one crew quarter to get a ‘bodily’ feeling of the dimensions.
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- One may risk to see a parallel to the importance to look at the earth, which many astronauts orbiting around the Earth reported. Besides the beauty of the planet, many reported about the importance of that visual link to home, opposed to the endless black universe.
- For light strategies see also Adams, C., Putcha, L., Light System Design Studies for Space Habitats, SAE 2000-01-2464, (30th International Conference on Environmental Systems (ICES) and 7th European Symposium on Spac3e Environmental Control Systems, Toulouse, France, July 10–13, 2000: Society of Automotive Engineers.
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