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Parameters Influencing the Risk of Ais1 Neck Injuries in Frontal and Side Impacts
Published September 20, 2000 by International Research Council on Biokinetics of Impact in Switzerland
In order to gain more knowledge of the neck injury scenario in frontal and side impacts, a statistical study of parameters influencing risk of neck symptoms (AIS1 neck injuries) was performed. The data set consisted of 445 occupants in frontal impacts and 302 occupants in side impacts in Volvo cars. Information regarding the accident, the car, occupant characteristics, behavior and sitting posture at the time of impact, and neck symptoms (including duration) was collected and analyzed.
Both in frontal and side impacts, the parameter of tensed neck muscles, crash severity and occupants, whose heads were struck against the interior of the car, turned out to have a significant effect on risk of neck symptoms.