This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Class 8 Trucks Operating On Ultra-Low Sulfur Diesel With Particulate Filter Systems: Regulated Emissions
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published October 16, 2000 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
Emissions from heavy-duty vehicles may be reduced through the introduction of clean diesel formulations, and through the use of catalyzed particulate matter filters that can enjoy increased longevity and performance if ultra-low sulfur diesel is used. Twenty over-the-road tractors with Detroit Diesel Series 60 engines were selected for this study. Five trucks were operated on California (CA) specification diesel (CARB), five were operated on ARCO (now BP Amoco) EC diesel (ECD), five were operated on ARCO ECD with a Johnson-Matthey Continuously Regenerating Technology (CRT) filter and five were operated on ARCO ECD with an Engelhard Diesel Particulate Filter (DPX). The truck emissions were characterized using a transportable chassis dynamometer, full-scale dilution tunnel, research grade gas analyzers and filters for particulate matter (PM) mass collection. Two test schedules, the 5 mile route and the city-suburban (heavy vehicle) route (CSR), were employed. The ARCO ECD offered reductions (with and without PM aftertreatment) in oxides of nitrogen (NOX) on the order of 15 to 20% relative to CA diesel for both test schedules, although the reductions were not statistically significant (at the 95% confidence level) owing to high vehicle-to-vehicle variability. ECD produced no reduction in PM emissions over CA diesel without aftertreatment, but the PM mass was virtually eliminated on both cycles when ECD was used in conjunction with the CRT and DPX. The aftertreatment devices also served to remove the bulk of carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrocarbon (HC) in the tailpipe emissions. It is concluded that a strategy that employs PM filters with clean diesel may reduce NOx and eliminate most of the mass of other regulated emissions through oxidation. A companion paper, SAE Technical Paper 2000-01-2821, reports on the fleet selection, truck retrofits, operation and cost for these same Class 8 trucks.
- Nigel Clark - Dept. of Mechanical & Aerospace Eng., College of Engineering & Mineral Resources, West Virginia Univ.
- James E. Boyce - Dept. of Mechanical & Aerospace Eng., College of Engineering & Mineral Resources, West Virginia Univ.
- Wenwei Xie - Dept. of Mechanical & Aerospace Eng., College of Engineering & Mineral Resources, West Virginia Univ.
- Mridul Gautam - Dept. of Mechanical & Aerospace Eng., College of Engineering & Mineral Resources, West Virginia Univ.
- Donald W. Lyons - Dept. of Mechanical & Aerospace Eng., College of Engineering & Mineral Resources, West Virginia Univ.
- Keith Vertin - National Renewable Energy Laboratory
CitationClark, N., Boyce, J., Xie, W., Gautam, M. et al., "Class 8 Trucks Operating On Ultra-Low Sulfur Diesel With Particulate Filter Systems: Regulated Emissions," SAE Technical Paper 2000-01-2815, 2000, https://doi.org/10.4271/2000-01-2815.
- Vertin, K. Chandler, K. LeTavec, C. Goguen, S. Keski-Hynnila, D. Chatterjee, S. Smith, G. Hallstrom, K. “Class 8 Trucks Operating on Ultra-Low Sulfur Diesel with Catalyzed Particle Filters: a Fleet Start-up Experience” SAE Technical Paper 2000-01-2821 2000
- Choi, C. Bower, G. Reitz, R. “Effects of Biodiesel Blended Fuels and Multiple Injections on DI Diesel Engines” SAE Paper 970218
- Chang, D.Y. Van Gerpen, J.H. “Determination of Particulate and Unburned Hydrocarbon Emissions from Diesel Engines fueled with Biodiesel” SAE Paper 982527
- Graboski, M.S. Ross, J.D. McCormick, R.L. “Transient Emissions Measurements from No. 2 Diesel and Biodiesel Blends in a DDC Series 60 Engine” SAE Paper 961166
- McMillian, M.H. Gautam, M. “Consideration for Fischer-Tropsch Derived Liquid Fuels as a Fuel Injection Emission Control Parameter” SAE Paper 982489
- Morgan, P.M. Viljoen, C.L. Roets, P. Schaberg, P. W. Myburgh, I.S. Botha, J.J. Dancuart, L. “Some Comparative Chemical, Physical and Compatability Properties of Sasol Slurry Phase Distillate Diesel Fuel” SAE Paper 982488
- Schaberg, L. Myburgh, I. Botha, J. Roets, P. Viljoen, C. Dancuart, L. Starr, M. “Diesel Exhaust Emissions using Sasol Slurry Phase Distillate Process Fuels” SAE Paper 972898
- Norton, P. Vertin, K. Bailey, B. Clark, N. Lyons, D. Goguen, S. Eberhardt, J. “Emissions from Trucks using Fischer-Tropsch Diesel Fuel” SAE Technical Paper 982526 1998
- Clark, N.N. Atkinson, C.M. Thompson, G.J. Nine, R.D. “Transient Emissions Comparisons of Alternative Compression Ignition Fuels” SAE Paper 1999-01-1117
- Sirman, M. Owens, E.C. Whitney, K.A. “Emissions Comparisons of Alternative Fuels in an Advanced Automotive Diesel Engine” Report, Southwest Research Institute, Dept. of Energy Contract No. DAAK70-92-C-0059 1998
- Mann, N. Kvinge, F. Wilson, G. “Diesel Fuel Effects on Emissions: Towards a Better Understanding” SAE Paper 982486
- Schafer, F. van Basshuysen, R. “Reduced Emissions and Fuel Consumption in Automobile Engines” Springer-Verlag Vienna SAE Warrendale, Pa. 1995
- Ryan, T. W., III Buckingham, J. Dodge, L.G. Olikara, C. “The Effects of Fuel Properties on Emissions from a 2.5 gram NO x Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine” SAE Paper 982491
- Nakakita, K. Takasu, S. Ban, H. Ogawa, T. Naruse, H. Tsukasaki, Y. Yeh, Lisa I. “Effect of Hydrocarbon Molecular Structure on Diesel Exhaust Emissions Part 1: Comparison of Combustion and Exhaust Emission Characteristics Among Representative Diesel Fuels” SAE Paper 982494
- Takatori, Y. Mandokoro, Y. Akihama, K. Nakakita, K. Tsukasaki, Y. Iguchi, S. Yeh, L.I. Dean, A. M. “Effect of Hydrocarbon Molecular Structure on Diesel Exhaust Emissions Part 2: Effect of Branched and Ring Structures of Paraffins on Benzene and Soot Formation” SAE Paper 982495
- Wang, W.G. Lyons, D.W. Clark, N.N. Gautam, M. “Emisions from Nine Heavy Duty trucks Fueled by Diesel and Biodiesel without Engine Modification.” Environmental Science & Technology 34 933 939 2000
- Norton, P. Vertin, K. Clark, N.N. Lyons, D.W. Gautam, M. Goguen, S. Eberhardt, J. “Emissions from Buses with DDC 6V92 Engines using Synthetic Diesel Fuel” SAE Paper 1999-01-1512
- McKain, D.L. Clark, N.N. Balon, T.H. Moynihan, P.J. Lynch, S.A. Webb, T.C. “Characterization of Emissions from Hybrid and Conventional Transit Buses” SAE Fuels & Lubricants Meeting Paris, France June 2000 Final Emissions Report: Hybrid-Electric Drive Heavy Duty Vehicle Testing Project Northeast Advanced Vehicle Consortium Boston, MA www.navc.org
- LeTavec, C. Uihlein, J. Segal, J. Vertin, K. “EC-Diesel Technology Validation Program Interim Report” SAE Technical Paper 2000-01-1854 2000
- Clark, N.N. Rapp, B.L. Gautam, M. Wang, W.G. Lyons, D.W. “A Long Term Field Emissions Study of Natural Gas Fueled Refuse Haulers in New York City” 1998 SAE Transactions, Journal of Fuels & Lubricants 107 961 972
- Clark, N.N. Gautam, M. Bata, R.M. Loth, J. Palmer, G.M. Wang, W.G. Lyons, D.W. “Design and Operation of a New Transportable Laboratory for Emissions Testing of Heavy Duty Trucks and Buses” International Jour. of Vehicle Design (Heavy Vehicle Systems) 2 3 4 1995 285 299
- Daley, J.J. West Virginia University 1999
- Clark, N.N. Daley, J.J. Nine, R.D. Atkinson, C.M. “Application of the new City-Suburban Heavy Vehicle Route (CSHVR) to Truck Emissions Characterization” SAE Paper 1999-01-1467
- Coburn, Timothy C. “EC-Diesel Technology Validation Program: Analysis of Round 1 Emissions, Fuel Economy, and Energy Consumption Data for Ralph's Grocery Class 8 Trucks” National Renewable Energy Laboratory July 17 2000
- Ramamurthy, R. Clark N.N. “Atmospheric Emissions Inventory Data for Heavy-Duty Vehicles” Environ. Sci. Technol. 1999 33 55 62
- Atkinson, C.M. Thompson, G.J. Traver, M.L. Clark, N.N. “In-Cylinder Combustion Pressure Characteristics of Fischer-Tropsch and Conventional Diesel Fuels in a Heavy Duty CI Engine” SAE Paper 1999-01-1472