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Alternative Vehicle Power Sources: Towards a Life Cycle Inventory
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published April 26, 2000 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
Three alternatives to internal combustion vehicles currently being researched, developed, and commercialized are electric, hybrid electric, and fuel-cell vehicles. A total life-cycle inventory for an alternative vehicle must include factors such as the impacts of car body materials, tires, and paints. However, these issues are shared with gasoline-powered vehicles; the most significant difference between these vehicles is the power source. This paper focuses on the most distinct and challenging aspect of alternative-fuel vehicles, the power sources. The life-cycle impacts of battery systems for electric and hybrid vehicles are assessed. Less data is publicly available on the fuel cell; however, we offer a preliminary discussion of the environmental issues unique to fuel cells. For each of these alternative vehicles, a primary environmental hurdle is the consumption of materials specific to the power sources.
CitationLankey, R., McMichael, F., MacLean, H., and Lave, L., "Alternative Vehicle Power Sources: Towards a Life Cycle Inventory," SAE Technical Paper 2000-01-1478, 2000, https://doi.org/10.4271/2000-01-1478.
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