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Emissions Response of a European Specification Direct-Injection Gasoline Vehicle to a Fuels Matrix Incorporating Independent Variations in Both Compositional and Distillation Parameters
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published October 25, 1999 by SAE International in United States
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An emissions programme has been undertaken to gain information on the effect of selected fuel parameters on gasoline direct injection (G-DI) vehicle technology(1) with respect to exhaust emissions. Seven fuel parameters, namely aromatic, methyl-tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE), sulphur and olefin content as well as 3 distillation parameters covering the whole boiling range, were independently investigated. It was found that, overall, the fuel effects on regulated (THC, CO, NOx), particulate (Pm), and CO2 emissions were relatively small.
- Yeong K. Kwon - Esso Petroleum Co. Ltd.
- Roberto Bazzani - BP Amoco
- Paul J. Bennett - BP Amoco
- Olivier Esmilaire - Elf Antar France
- Pietro Scorletti - Euron/Agip Petroli
- T. David B. Morgan - Shell Global Solutions
- Craig L. Goodfellow - Statoil
- Morten Lien - Statoil
- Willy Broeckx - Texaco
- Peter Liiva - Texaco
CitationKwon, Y., Bazzani, R., Bennett, P., Esmilaire, O. et al., "Emissions Response of a European Specification Direct-Injection Gasoline Vehicle to a Fuels Matrix Incorporating Independent Variations in Both Compositional and Distillation Parameters," SAE Technical Paper 1999-01-3663, 1999, https://doi.org/10.4271/1999-01-3663.
- Ando H., et. al.“Development of Gasoline Direct Injection Engine”, SAE970541 (1997).
- Harada J., et. al.“Development of Direct Injection Gasoline Engine”, SAE970540 (1997).
- Cochran's TestISO 4259 Petroleum Products - Determination and Application of Precision Data in Relation to Methods of Test, 2nd Edition 1992-12-15
- European Programme on Emissions, Fuels and EngineTechnologies, ACEA and EUROPIA, EPEFE Report (1997)