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An Overview of Anatomical Considerations of Infants and Children in the Adult World of Automobile Safety Design
Published October 05, 1998 by Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine in United States
The infant and child differ structurally from the adult in a number of ways which are critical to the design for protection against impact forces and for adequate occupant restraint systems. The purpose of this paper is to bring together a profile of the anatomy, anthropometry, growth and development of the infant and child. Age differences related to the proper design of child restraint systems are emphasized. Problems discussed include child-adult structural differences, center of gravity of the body, the head mass in relation to the neck and general body proportions, positions of key organs, and biomechanical properties of tissues.