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The use of an injury cost database to evaluate vehicle design changes in Australia
Published October 05, 1998 by Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine in United States
The aim of this project was to evaluate changes in vehicle design using the Road Injury Cost Database. Personal injury insurance claims data, together with data from other sources was used to develop a database of comprehensive injury costs by body region and severity level. Injury Assessment Functions were used to estimate the probability of injury resulting from barrier crash tests. These probabilities were used to estimate costs of injuries for driver and front passenger in vehicles tested in the Australian New Car Assessment Program. It was found that costs were considerably lower in later tests compared with tests of earlier models of the same vehicle. Costs were lower for offset tests compared to full frontal tests. This method shows promise for evaluating changes in vehicle design aimed at improving occupant protection.
In Australia, testing for the Australian New Car Assessment Program (ANCAP) has been carried out since 1992. The Road Injury Cost Database developed by the Road Accident Prevention Research Unit has been used to provide a means of evaluating the effect of changes in vehicle design on occupant protection, measured in terms of injury costs.
The aim of this project was to evaluate the effects of changes in vehicle design on the costs of injury by using the Road Injury Cost Database.