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A descriptive study of pediatric injury patterns from the National Automotive Sampling System
Published October 05, 1998 by Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine in United States
This study describes information from the National Automotive Sampling System for injury mechanisms in the pediatric age group (age 0-16). The total number of pediatric cases in the NASS database for this three-year sampling period is 2,141 (weighted 591,084). No restraint use was identified in 23-43% of the children. For age < 1 year, 60% of patients suffer a facial injury. Head injuries make up only 10% of the total injuries, but are severe. For those age 1-4 years, abdominal injuries and lower extremity injuries begin to appear. For those age 5-10 years, the predominant change over younger occupants is the proportion of spinal injuries. By age 11-16, injuries to the spine, upper extremities, and lower extremities outnumber injuries to the face and head. However, in this population, the greatest proportions of AIS 3-5 injuries still occur to the head and abdomen.