Assessment of air quality impacts~IVHS implementations in Southampton and Cologne
Published April 17, 1994 by Intelligent Transportation Systems in United States
This paper describes a study of the potential air pollution reduction effects of IVHS implementations in the cities of Southampton and Cologne. Both cities are participating in the DRIVE II Euro-Project SCOPE, along with the Port of Piraeus, Greece. The project involves the field testing and demonstration of advanced traffic management, travel and traffic information, and public transport information systems in all three cities, and the implementation of strategic information systems (SIS) in Southampton and Cologne. These systems will provide dynamic decision-making tools to assist in the future development of transport strategies.
This paper includes a brief review of the proposed IVHS implementations in Southampton and Cologne and summarizes recommendations for the assessment and evaluation of air pollution reduction effects associated with the implementations. Work carried out to develop and modify the UROPOL air pollution prediction model, interfacing this with the existing traffic models in Southampton and Cologne, and with the Ford Motor Companies CVSP model is also described as is the development of a vehicle population classification model for approximating the emissions inventory of the local area under assessment.
The paper concludes with a short exploration of the relationship between IVHS and protection of the environment, illustrating how close cooperation between engine designers and transportation planners can allow an integrated approach to the evaluation of the air quality effects of IVHS implementations, accounting for the detailed engine performance and traffic conditions encountered by treating the vehicle/road combination as a single system.
This represents a step towards the development of modelling tools which can be utilized to optimize urban transport networks on environmental criteria, rather than efficiency alone and will be of potential interest to city and state authorities who wish to apply IVHS technologies to the improvement of the environment.