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Active Safety System for Connected Vehicles
ISSN: 2574-0741, e-ISSN: 2574-075X
Published October 14, 2019 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Al-Qassab, H., Pang, S., Al-Qizwini, M., Kent, D. et al., "Active Safety System for Connected Vehicles," SAE Intl. J CAV 2(3):191-200, 2019, https://doi.org/10.4271/12-02-03-0013.
The development of connected-vehicle technology, which includes vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) communications, opens the door for unprecedented active safety and driver-enhanced systems. In addition to exchanging basic traffic messages among vehicles for safety applications, a significantly higher level of safety can be achieved when vehicles and designated infrastructure locations share their sensors’ data. In this article, we propose a new system where cameras installed on multiple vehicles and infrastructure locations share and fuse their visual data and detected objects in real time. The transmission of camera data and/or detected objects (e.g., pedestrians, vehicles, cyclists, etc.) can be accomplished by many communication methods. In particular, such communications can be accomplished using the emerging Dedicated Short-Range Communications (DSRC) technology. In our proposed system the vehicle receiving the visual data from an adjacent vehicle fuses the received visual data with its own camera views to create a much richer visual scene. We conducted several experiments across a pair of vehicles equipped with DSRC devices and our proposed system. These experiments demonstrated that our system achieves high accuracy, low delay, and improved safety.