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Design and Validation of a High-Level Controller for Automotive Active Systems
ISSN: 2380-2162, e-ISSN: 2380-2170
Published November 07, 2022 by SAE International in United States
Citation: de Carvalho Pinheiro, H. and Carello, M., "Design and Validation of a High-Level Controller for Automotive Active Systems," SAE Int. J. Veh. Dyn., Stab., and NVH 7(1):2023, https://doi.org/10.4271/10-07-01-0006.
Active systems, from active safety to energy management, play a crucial role in the development of new road vehicles. However, the increasing number of controllers creates an important issue regarding complexity and system integration. This article proposes a high-level controller managing the individual active systems—namely, Torque Vectoring (TV), Active Aerodynamics, Active Suspension, and Active Safety (Anti-lock Braking System [ABS], Traction Control, and Electronic Stability Program [ESP])—through a dynamic state variation. The high-level controller is implemented and validated in a simulation environment, with a series of tests, and evaluate the performance of the original design and the proposed high-level control. Then, a comparison of the Virtual Driver (VD) response and the Driver-in-the-Loop (DiL) behavior is performed to assess the limits between virtual simulation and real-driver response in a lap time condition. The main advantages of the proposed design methodology are its simplicity and overall cooperation of different active systems, where the proposed model was able to improve the vehicle behavior both in terms of safety and performance, giving more confidence to the driver when cornering and under braking. Some differences were discovered between the behavior of the VD and the DiL, especially regarding the sensitivity to external disturbances.